# Phy 132 - Assignment 14: ```Phy 132 - Assignment 14:
A.1. No. An engine that was 100% efficient would violate the second law of
thermodynamics, so you can’t have zero energy being given off as wasted heat. (This
becomes an issue with large engines, such as electric power plants. They can heat up
streams, which is bad for the fish. The heat can be dispersed enough to have no real
environmental impact, but it's not possible to give none off.)
2. 20&deg;C + 273 = 293 K, 80&deg;C + 273 = 353 K
= (.25 kg)(4186 J/ kg&middot;K)
(
) = (.25)(4186)(.1863) = 195 J/K
B. 1. Maximum efficiency = 1 - (Tout)/(Tin), so the higher the input temperature is, the
higher the possible efficiency. (A steam turbine is a type of heat engine.)
2.
C.
D.1. No. A refrigerator works by pumping heat from its inside to its outside. Having
the door open just lets it flow back in again. That doesn't remove heat from the room.
2.
E. The formulas from sec. 13 give the work done on the gas. If you use them on an
engine, the work comes out negative, so this question asks for the work done by the
gas. That’s why I’ve used the negative of those formulas.
b). Qin = W + Qout = 4.05 + 10.0 = 14.05 kJ
e = W/Qin = 4.05/14.05 = .288 (or 28.8%)
3200 = W + 2600 
W = 600 J
a. e = W/Qin = (600 J)/(3200) = .1875
c. Power = W/t = (600 J)/(.3 s) = 2000 W
d. Carnot efficiency = 1 
Tout
383
 1
= 1 - .732 = .268
Tin
523
110 + 273 = 383 K,
250 + 273 = 523 K
```