MarGate A COSYNA Under Water Research Area off Helgoland in the North Sea sponsored by: HC Hagemann Real Estate GmbH The new Underwater Coastal Observatories in the North Sea and the Arctic - a comparative research approach A transinstitutional collaboration between the AWI, HZG and the companies 4H-Jena, Loth engeneering in the framework of COSYNA (Coastal Observation System of the Northern and Artic Seas). P. Fischer (AWI), F. Schröder (HZG), M. Grunwald (HZG), R. Loth (Loth engeneering), J. Klaus Stöhner (Loth engeneering), Micha Boer (4H Jena), T. Böhme (4H-Jena).F. Baschek (HZG), M. Brand (AWI), C. Walcher (AWI) With respect to climate change, the North Sea and the Arctic ocean are the most affected ecosystems on the Northern hemisphere. Continuously (1Hz) and year round measured traits: Temperature, salinity, turbidity, oxygen, Chl-A, current, turbulences, sea conditions, plankton, jellyfish and fish. The COSYNA AWIPEV underwater node system at NyAlesund – Arctic. Continuously (1Hz) and year round measured traits: Temperature, salinity, depth, turbidity, oxygen, Chl-A, current, turbulences, sea conditions, jellyfish and fish. Why high frequency online measurements? To handle the two main challenges in aquatic sciences! The Nyquist theorem: Problem of sampling in proper time scales and to avoid alias correlations The restricted access to key ecosytems due to weather conditions: North Sea and Arctic regions In situ experimental research and monitoring programs in the aquatic environment with high frequency year round data availability from key environments (North Sea and Arctic) link underwater sciences and surface restricted large scale assessment 1 methods (satellite remote sensing) to an integrated research approach (ACROSS ). Remote Sensing – Ground-Truth Demo and Test Facilities (ACROSS) The COSYNA Helgoland underwater node system in the North Sea. By simultaneously assessing changes and shifts in abiotic and biotic traits in two ecosystems laying on the same longitudinal range, we are able to discriminate general from local patterns in ecosystem dynamics and functioning. 1 Advanced In a comparative research approach with cabled underwater observatory technology developped within COSYNA, we study changes, similarities and differences in seasonal and long-term dynamics in abiotic and biotic factors in the North Sea and in the Arctic environment.