Arctic Ocean Biome

•Located in the Northern Hemisphere in the Arctic north polar region.
•Surrounded by North America, Europe and Asia.
• Temperatures are persistently low.
• The water is frozen most of the year.
•Frozen for about ten months.
•Between March and April, 20 to 50 of thick ice cover the surface.
•Temperatures below freezing.
• Kelp plants were able to adapt to life in the
arctic ocean biome, by having a holdfast which
keeps it on the sea floor. It has fronds to pull
nutrients from the ground.
• Phytoplankton is able to sustain life in the
arctic ocean because it requires little sunlight
and little nutrients to survive.
• Animals in the arctic ocean have adapted to maintain
life by there bodies being able to store extra amounts
of fat or have a thick layer of blubber.
• Its hard for a warm blooded organism to survive in this
area, so animals have become cold blooded to prevent
freezing or reduce the effects.
• To survive during the winter, animals like krill become
cannibalistic or feed off of phytoplankton.
• Hemoglobin can be found in the species with
vertebrates. It’s a red pigment cell that carries oxygen
throughout the body in cold temperatures.
• The arctic ocean is valued because in some
parts, it holds ice caps containing a percentage
of the worlds freshwater.