Study Guide - Chapter 2

Study Guide - Chapter 2
1. Make a rough diagram of a either a eukaryotic or prokaryotic cell. In your diagram include as many
appropriate organelles as you can think of. Also be able to give a 1-2 sentence explanation of the
purpose of the organelle.
2. What are archaebacteria?
3. Describe the cellular anatomy of an E. coli cell. Name some prominent features of the cell and what
they do.
4. What is endocytosis, phagocytosis, and exocytosis
5. Describe the cellular structures found within the nucleus
6. Describe the hierarchical organization of structures that starts with a piece of DNA, and ends with a
folded chromosome.
7. Describe the structure of a chloroplast or a mitochondria. What aer the functions of these
8. What are the major types of proteins found in the cytoskeleton. How are they similar or different
from each other.
9. Describe the different cellular junctions found in multicellular organisms.
10. What are viruses and how do they reproduce?