Max Regus PhD Candidate, Graduate School of Humanities, Tilburg University Project: Religious Minorities, Human Rights and the Politics of Protection: A Study on the Case of The Ahmadiyya Islam Minority in Indonesia Supervisors: (1). Professor Herman L. Beck, (2). Professor Mirjam van Reisen This research will employ multi-site perspectives such as political sciences, sociology, development studies based on current information from the field and many previous research in the problem of the Ahmadiyya Islam minority in Indonesia. This research focuses on the trend that religious minorites are being denied fundamental and substantive rights, as the Indonesian state abdicates all responsibility for ensuring their protection. The unstoppable violence is an experience that deeply reflects this failure. The escalating violence experienced by the Ahmadiyya as religious minorities in Indonesia strongly relates to the state’s political position, namely its ability to construct a distinctive position within the discourse on the future of minorities in Indonesia. The state needs to implement three fundamental concerns. The state should improve an inclusive policy in which religious minority groups enjoy political-legal protection. The state must realise law enforcement via the prosecution of the perpetrators of violence. This point is absolutely fundamental to the protection of religious minority groups. The state also needs to prioritize the political concerns of religious minorities, via the initiation of affirmative action. What is the future of religious minority groups in Indonesia? This is an urgent question, when the current problematic situation has witnessed the complete destruction of all dignity for these religious groups. And implicated in this is the future of Indonesian justice, when the state’s respect for rights is beholden to political weakness. No justice can be celebrated when the state becomes a passive audience to the violent attacks conducted by militant groups. This failure of protection is increasingly leading justice into a state of silence.