Chapter 2- Europe Looks Outward (1000-1720) Section Focus Question ______________________________________________________________________________ _____________________? Wait, I thought Columbus discovered America, not ASIA??? A brief story… European countries __________________________________________ with people in India and Southeast Asia They had no idea North America, the Caribbean, or South America even existed. So, looking on a map, why didn’t the Europeans just go across Europe, by land into Asia? The Problem Christian Europeans had just lost a series of battles known as the Crusades. They lost to the Muslims and were forced to give up their lands in the Middle East. Because they lost, __________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________. So, they _______________________________________ that avoided the Middle East in order to get to Asia. Portuguese Explorers __________________________________ of Portugal started a _________________________________ that taught aspiring sailors how to use new technology like _________________________________________________. Future Portuguese explorers would use this technology to find a sea route to Asia by sailing down the west coast of Africa, into the Indian Ocean to get to India and Southeast Asia. Europeans could now trade in Asia but… But it took FOREVER to get there. Many wanted to find a shorter route. One man had an idea… Maybe, just maybe, if we sailed west instead of south and around the bottom of Africa we could get there faster. This man’s name… _______________________________________________________ Originally from Genoa, Italy Sailed for Portugal in the 1470s. ________________________________________________________________________ Portugal’s king rejected his plan. Didn’t give up, ____________________________________________________________________________ Setting Sail August, 1492 90 men aboard the ________________________________________________________ Predicted they would reach Asia in 21 days. 21 days came and went, no land was in sight. Crew became restless and tried to overthrow the ship’s officers Thought he was in Asia and close to Japan. In reality, ________________________________________________. Columbus claims land for Spain Spain sponsored several more voyages. Columbus discovers Puerto Rico and the island of Hispaniola. When he returned to Spain he __________________________________________________________ In a complete sentence or two, answer the following question: How did the search for a water route to Asia affect both Europe and the Americas?