Notes on Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde in-class essay

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Notes on in-class essay on

The Strange Case of

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

Mr. Cleon M. McLean

Department of English

Ontario High School

Fabulous example

• Similar to the Romantic painting, “The

Raft of the Medusa”, which invites the viewer to share in the misery of its subjects, just so Stevenson’s novel invites the reader to solve the mystery of the peculiar Mr. Hyde.

Thank you, Brianna Villapando

MLA Documentation Style

In a tête-à-tête (a private conversation) with Mr. Enfield,

Mr. Utterson says of Mr. Hyde,

If he be Mr. Hyde…I shall be

Mr. Seek

(

Stevenson 5

)

.

MLA Documentation Style

The venerable Doctor Jekyll must quest to find/have a balanced life, or he will find that

“… between these two [ Dr. Jekyll and Mr.

Hyde ] , I [ Jekyll ] choose

” now felt I had to

(Stevenson 48).

Vocabulary

Disreputable

—having a bad reputation

E.g., The disreputable Mr. Hyde killed the

Parliamentarian, Mr. Carew.

Venerable

—commanding respect because of great age or dignity

E.g., The venerable Dr. Jekyll worked like a 14 th century alchemist in his pursuit of the improbable.

Doppelgänger —a ghostly double or counterpart of a living person.

– E.g., Mr. Hyde is Dr. Jekyll’s doppelgänger.

Vocabulary, continued

Countenance

—appearance, especially the look or expression of the face.

Disposition

—the predominant or prevailing tendency of one's spirits; natural mental and emotional outlook or mood; characteristic attitude.

E.g.,

Mr. Hyde had a rather unsettling disposition.

• Paradigm

— an example serving as a model; an exemplar.

– The archangel Michael and fallen-angel Satan are a paradigm for the Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde contrast, respectively.

Vocabulary

Reclusive

—to be in solitude; hermitlike

Bequeathed

—to dispose of personal position by last will.

E.g., Dr. Jekyll bequeathed his estate to

Mr. Hyde.

Modes of Persuasions

Pathos

(emotional appeal, esp. pity)

Logos

(logical appeal)

Mythos

(underlying system of beliefs)

Ethos

(distinguished character sentiment or morality)

Bathos :

From the Greek word for “deep,” bathos is the comedy created when, for example, a character who attempts some grand feat, trips and falls.

The Sublime :

The idea of loftiness is very much desirable in literary, so the sublime is the sort of ascension (with a mixture of pain and danger) into more than just the beautiful.

Spelling

Sep a rate

Para ll el

Begi nn ing…not begging int e rest

Where=place=

donde

Were=past tense verb=

estan

Convey

—means to say

Portray

—means to show

FYI

Compare apples with apples!

E.g.:

WRONG : The Enlightenment Period was a time of

logos—

i.e., the mind, whereas Romantic writers wrote about

mythos—

i.e., the heart.

RIGHT : Enlightenment writers approached literature with a conscious interest in

logos

—i.e., the mind; whereas Romantic writers favored

mythos

—i.e., the heart.

FYI

Do NOT say that the author

forces

the reader. This is clearly a negative act. Rather, you may say that the author invites/encourages the reader.

Dr. Jekyll is the embodiment of virtues, while Mr. Hyde is evil personified.

Kindly use transitional phrases at the beginning of ALL of your body paragraphs.

This will at least remind the reader that you are conscious of structure.

FYI

What is different about the two sayings:

Man’s lighter and darker natures. (wrong, because it means man has 2 light and 2 dark sides)

Man’s light and dark natures.

The reader savors the process of the investigation, for it delves fathoms deeper into the human psyche than the shallow end of the solved mystery.

Axiom: Instant gratification takes too long.

FYI

Gothic genre is NOT Victorian! It is

Romantic.

Keep things parallel, especially with respect to Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.

WRONG : Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde are bad and good personified.

RIGHT : Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde are good and bad personified,

respectively

.

FYI

Capitalize “G” in Gothic

Good: Mr. Hyde is the character

that

Better: Mr. Hyde is the character

who

Note: You should

never

use “which” to refer to a person. E.g., The man which is outside.

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