Hispanics and Native Americans

Ch. 6 Spanish-speaking peoples
Hispanics are the largest minority group in the U.S. and are expected to become the majority
group by 2043.
What group makes up about 2/3 of the American Spanish-speaking population?
What does the term “Chicano” mean? What is a “barrio”?
Many Mexican Americans work as poorly paid farm laborers throughout the South and
What was the United Farm Workers? Leaders? Goals?
What was La Raza Unida? Purpose?
Describe the Bilingual Education Act of 1968.
Who/What were the Brown Berets and their purpose?
Ch. 6 The American Indians
Red Power (Native Americans)
 Americans Indians were not recognized as full citizens until the Snyder Act of 1924
 Problems for Native Americans:
 Least amount of education of any minority group
 Lowest incomes and highest unemployment
 Worst health and shortest life expectancy
 Highest suicide rate of any group in America
Under President Eisenhower in the 1950s, Congress enacted a new program called “termination” towards
American Indians. What does the term “termination” mean towards American Indians?
Also, during the 1950s, “relocation” occurred in which the federal government encouraged American
Indians to relocate to urban areas for better job opportunities and education. By 1970, 45% of all Native
Americans lived in cities, but many of them found poverty due to their lack of skills and education.
LBJ called the Indian, “The Forgotten American”
 Congress voted $510 million for Indian aid programs
What is the Bureau of Indian Affairs and what does it do?
 Nixon continued aid and gave the Bureau of Indian Affairs a greater say in the treatment of
Native Americans
 Several tribes won court cases that return thousands of acres of land to Indian tribes
What was the Declaration of Indian Purpose? Goals?
What was American Indian Movement (AIM)? Goals