Erik Erikson

Erik Erikson
Sianna and Stephanie
His theory
• Erik Erikson was known for his social/emotional intellectual
development theory of children. There are 8 stages of his theory and
each happen at different ages.
• Each stage includes the virtues you have, the psychosocial crisis you
experience, your significant relationship at that time and the
existential question you ask yourself.
• He believed each stage builds upon the successful completion of
earlier stages.
• Takes place 0-2 years old
• Virtues: Hope
• Psychosocial crisis: Basic trust vs. mistrust
• Significant relationship: Mother
• Existential Question: Can I trust the world?
Early Childhood
• Takes place 2-4 years old
• Virtues: Will
• Psychosocial crisis: Autonomy vs. shame and doubt
• Significant relationship: Parents
• Existential Question: Is it okay to be me?
Preschool Age
• Takes place 4-5 years old
• Virtues: Purpose
• Psychosocial crisis: Initiative vs guilt
• Significant relationship: Family
• Existential Question: Is it okay for me to move, do and act?
School Age
• Takes place 5-12 years old
• Virtues: Competence
• Psychosocial crisis: Industry vs inferiority
• Significant relationship: Neighbours, school
• Existential Question: Can I make it in the world of people and things?
• Takes place 13-19 years old
• Virtues: Fidelity
• Psychosocial crisis: Identity vs role confusion
• Significant relationship: Peers, role models
• Existential question: Who am I? Who can I be?
Early Adulthood
• Takes place 20-39 years old
• Virtues: Love
• Psychosocial crisis: Intimacy vs isolation
• Significant relationship: Friends, partners
• Existential question: Can I love?
• Takes place 40-64 years old
• Virtues: Care
• Psychosocial crisis: Generativity vs stagnation
• Significant relationship: Household, workmates
• Existential question: Can I make my life count?
• Takes place 65 years till death
• Virtues: Wisdom
• Psychosocial crisis: Ego integrity vs despair
• Significant relationship: Mankind
• Existential question: Is it okay to have been me?
Our Opinions
Our own observations