Study Guide

Name ___________________________________________________
Period __________
Chapter 8 Sections 3, 4, 5 Study Guide
Section 3:
1. What are the two important characteristics of seed plants?
2. What is vascular tissue?
3. Phloem moves ____________________________ through the plant. Xylem moves ____________________ and
_________________________ through the plant.
4. What is the male reproductive structure in seed plants?
4. What is a structure that contains a young plant inside a protective covering?
5. What are the three main parts of a seed? Explain each of them.
6. What are the four ways in which seeds disperse?
7. This occurs only when the seed absorbs water and the embryo begins to grow again and push out of the seed.
8. What are the two types of roots? How do they differ?
9. This structure carries substances from the plant’s roots and leaves. It also supports the plant and holds up the
leaves so they are exposed to the sun.
10. ________________________________ stems contain no wood and are soft.
11. ________________________________ stems are hard and rigid.
12. What is the function of cambium in a woody stem?
13. What part of the woody stem forms rings that indicate the tree’s age?
14. The process by which water evaporates from a plant’s leaves is called _____________________________________.
15. What are the three functions of roots?
16. What part of the root absorbs water and minerals?
17. What part of the leaf is a waxy, waterproof layer that covers the leaves of most plants?
Section 4:
1. Name three characteristics of a gymnosperm.
2. What is the most diverse group of gymnosperms?
3. What is the reproductive structure found in MOST gymnosperms?
4. What are the four different types of gymnosperms we discussed in class?
5. What is the female gametophyte called in gymnosperms?
6. What is pollination?
7. Name two characteristics of an angiosperm.
8. What is the function of a flower on a plant?
9. What is the leaf-life structure that encloses the bud of a flower?
10. What is the stamen?
11. What are the two parts that make up the stamen?
12. Name the female reproductive structure of a flower.
13. What are the three parts of a pistil?
14. What is the purpose of the stigma?
15. What is a fruit?
16. ___________________________ is an angiosperm that has only one seed leaf, or cotyledon.
17. ___________________________ is an angiosperm that has two seed leaves, or cotyledons.
18. True/False. A dicot has branching veins, bundles of vascular tissue arranged in a ring, and petals arranged in
multiples of four or five.
19. True/False. A monocot has branching veins.
Section 5:
1. What is a tropism?
2. What are the three important stimuli?
3. What is a thigmotropism?
4. A plant showing response to light is called a ____________________________.
5. What is a gravitropism?
6. What chemical is produced that affects how the plant grows and develops?
7. _____________________ speeds up the rate at which a plant’s cell grows.
8. What triggers a plant to flower?
9. Short-day plants flower when nights are _______________________ than a critical length.
10. Long-day plants flower when nights are _______________________ than a critical length.
11. What is dormancy?
12. How long do annuals live? _______________
13. How long do biennials live? ____________________
14. How long do perennials live? ______________________