Brain Development Brain Development: Brain has ________________________ neurons, or nerve cells, that ________________ ____________________________________. _____________________________: space between the neurons. Neurons send messages to one another by ____________________________________________ ________________, which cross the _______________________________________. Sensitive Periods of Brain Development Neurons that are ___________________________________ continue to establish synapses. Neurons that are ______________________________________________________ (their ability to communicate through a process called ___________________________________. Molding a Live Sculpture: In order for brain development to move forward _____________________________________ _____________________________________ is vital during periods in which the formation of synapses is at its peak. At birth, the brain is nearly _________ of its adult weight, by age 2, it reaches ____________ and at 6 years __________. Development of Cerebral Cortex: Surrounds the __________________________. Accounts for ____________ of brain weight. Contains greatest amount of _______________________________________________. More sensitive to __________________________________________ than any other part of the brain. Frontal Lobe ______________________________________________________. Frontal Lobe: ________________________________________________________________________. The functions and memories of the cerebral cortex _________________________________, all learning of knowledge and skills being ________________________________________. Other Advances: Cerebellum: located at the _________________________, aids in ___________________ and control of _____________________. o _____________________ Hopscotch Throwing a Ball Print Letters Corpus Callosum: Large o o o bundle of fibers that _______________________________________________________. The more complex the task, the more critical ________________________________. Right side: _________________________________________________________________ Left side: __________________________________________________________________ Sensitive Periods in Brain Development: Experience Expectant Brain Growth – Young brains rapidly __________________________. Depends on ____________________________________________. Experience Opportunities to __________________ to hear____________________ and other sounds. The brain of all infants/toddlers/young children ____________________ to encounter these experiences for _______________________________. Dependent Brain Growth – Extends throughout ___________________________. Consists of ____________________________ of established brain. ___________________________________________________. Young brains __________________ in many ways, let them ________________.