Brain and Behavior Study Guide Part 1: Neurons Be able to identify the location and function of the different structures within a neuron: Dendrite Cell Body Nucleus Axon Myelin Sheath Terminal Branch Part 2: Neural Communication Explain the steps of action potential, including: resting potential, absolute threshold, refractory period, all or nothing principle and direction of impulse. How is the message sent from one neuron to another? Name the 3 types of neurons used on our bodies to transmit messages. Part 3: Neurotransmitters Neurotransmitter Serotonin Function Endorphins Norepinephrine Dopamine Acetylcholine Part 4: Nervous System Explain the key functions of each of the following systems within the body. Be able to identify situations where each would be active: Central Nervous SystemAutonomic Somatic SympatheticParasympatheticEndocrine System- Part 5: Brain Identify the function of each structure of the brain and label the location on a diagram! Thalamus: Amygdala: Occipital Lobe: Cerebellum: Cerebral Cortex: Temporal Lobe: Corpus Callosum: Hippocampus: Broca’s Area: Hypothalamus: Frontal Lobe: Wernicke’s Area: Brainstem: Parietal Lobe: Motor Cortex (Space): Sensory Cortex (Space): Adrenal Gland: Plasticity: Part 6: Hemispheric Dominance Name 4 responsibilities dominated by the right brain: 1. 2. 3. 4. 3. 4. Name 4 responsibilities dominated by the left brain: 1. 2. What does it mean that your body is contralateral? Describe the disability Prosopagnosia. Part 7: Split Brain How will the participant most likely respond to each of the following situations? Avoid a AND STUDY!