Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Communicable & Chronic Diseases Unit 10th Grade Health 11/24/14 Stat of the Day Cardiovascular disease causes nearly ____ percent of annual U.S. deaths. Answer: 40% CVD Learning Targets 1. Identify risk and protective factors for CVD 2. Understand the mechanism of atherosclerosis 3. Differentiate the different types of CVD 4. Explain how CVD affects the body long term What is Cardiovascular Disease? • Definition: A disease that affects the heart and/or blood vessels • Review: What are the 4 main functions of the cardiovascular system? 1. Transports nutrients, gases, and waste products 2. Protects against infection 3. Maintains a constant temperature (thermoregulation) 4. Maintains fluid balance Risk Factors for CVD • Risk factors can be controllable or unavoidable • Protective factors are preventative measures to combat the risks In your small groups… Risk Factor Controllable or unavoidable Protective factor(s) Types of CVD: Hypertension • Definition: High blood pressure – Major risk factor for other CVDs – Few to no symptoms in early stages – Affects 1/3 of U.S. adults • Treatments – Weight management – Proper diet – Exercise – Medication Types of CVD: Atherosclerosis • Definition: Accumulation of plaque on artery walls • Results in arteriosclerosis: hardened arteries with reduced elasticity • Cause: Diet high in saturated fat and/or cholesterol Atherosclerosis Activity • Which group was the most successful? Why? – PVC pipe/marble • What is the relationship between resistance and blood flow V? – Resistance is inversely proportional to blood flow V • How is artery resistance affected by plaque buildup (2 ways)? – Increases due to smaller diameter – Increases due to lessened elasticity Types of CVD: Diseases of the Heart • Angina Pectoris: Group 1 • Arrhythmias: Group 2 • Heart Attack: Group 3 • Congestive Heart Failure: Group 4 Make a poster that: 1. Describes the condition 2. Outlines the symptoms and complications 3. Explains the treatment options Exit Slip Choose one controllable risk factor for CVD that applies to you. Write a personal behavior change goal to reduce this risk and a 2-3 sentence action plan for achieving it.