Mater, Energy, Elements, and Atoms

Matter- Anything that occupies soace
and has mass
 Energy- the ability to do work
 Elements- any of the building blocks of
matter, oxygen, hydrogen, carbon, for
 Atoms- the smallest part of an element:
invisible by ordinary chemical means
Chemical- is stored in the bond of
chemical substances
 Electrical- results from the movement of
charged particles.
 Mechanical- is directly involved in
moving matter
 Radiant- travels in waves, that is energy
of the electromagnetic spectrum
All mater is composed of these limited
substances called elements, they're
unique substances that can not be
broken down into simpler substances by
ordinary chemical methods.
The word atom comes from the Greek
word meaning “ incapable of being
divided,” and historically this idea of was
accepted as truth. We now know that
atoms, although tiny, are clusters of
subatomic particles and that, under
special circumstances that atoms can
be split into these smaller particles which
are neutrons, electrons, and protons.
Matter is the “stuff” of the universe. With
some exceptions, it can be seen,
smelled, and felt. More accurately,
matter is anything that occupies space
and has mass. Matter can be changed
physically and chemically. Physical
changes don’t alter the basic nature of
the substance, while chemical alters the
composition of the substance.
Chemical Changes- Burning wood,
fermenting grapes, digesting food
 Physical- Crumpling paper, melting ice,
cutting food into smaller pieces
Marieb, Elaine. “Matter, Energy,
Elements, and Atoms” Essentials of
Human Anatomy and Physiology. Serina
Beauparlant. 8th Edition. San Francisco:
Pearson Benjamin Cummings, 2006.
Pages 26-29: table 2.1 included. Print