World War I is the defining event that set the “Roaring Twenties” or “The Jazz Age” into motion. http://www.neajazzintheschools.org/listen/l istenpop.php?tk=cd1_t25 "They're all desperadoes, these kids, all of them with any life in their veins; the girls as well as the boys; maybe more than the boys." Warner Fabian Lovely, expensive, and about nineteen." F. Scott Fitzgerald's description of the ideal flapper THE FLAPPER by Dorothy Parker The Playful flapper here we see, The fairest of the fair. She's not what Grandma used to be, -- You might say, au contraire. Her girlish ways may make a stir, Her manners cause a scene, But there is no more harm in her Than in a submarine. She nightly knocks for many a goal The usual dancing men. Her speed is great, but her control Is something else again. All spotlights focus on her pranks. All tongues her prowess herald. For which she well may render thanks To God and Scott Fitzgerald. Her golden rule is plain enough - Just get them young and treat them rough. PROHIBITION CAUSED ORGANIZED CRIME Speak-easies Rum-Runners Bootleggers Moonshine Rotgut Corrupt Law Enforcement Organized Crime “Massacres” “Fixed” betting Anti-immigration Immigration Acts of 1920 and 1924 Deportations of “anarchists” Trials of undesirables Sacco Racial and Vanzetti discrimination The Ku Klux Klan Defeat of anti-lynching laws The Stock Market crash in 1929 brought about a sudden, long lasting reversal in the materially driven, “live for today” mentality that had overtaken America’s middle and upper classes in the 1920s. What happened to American Literature do in the 1920s? Realism evolves into modernism 1910 - 1930 A broad range of artists and movements, led by “The Lost Generation” A break with the style, form and content of the 19th century Impacted by psychology Stream of consciousness: follows the random thoughts of man Abstract, fragmentary Reflects the bewilderment of the age in sometimes intentionally puzzling thoughts Term used to describe the generation of writers active immediately after World War I. Refers specifically to American expatriate writers associated with 1920s Paris, especially Hemingway and Fitzgerald. and including T.S. Eliot and Ezra Pound. Characteristics of "Lost Generation" authors ~ sought the meaning of life ~drank a lot ~frequent love affairs ~many of the finest literary masterpieces were written during this period ~rejected modern American materialism ~lived in Paris In This Side of Paradise, Fitzgerald writes about: A generation that found all Gods dead, all wars fought, all faith in man shaken. The phrase signifies a disillusioned postwar generation characterized by lost values, lost belief in the idea of human progress, and a mood of futility and despair leading to hedonism.