Edgar Allan Poe, from The Raven
Rita Dove , from “Adolescence - III”
- Robert Frost, from “Mending Wall”
-Edgar Allan Poe, from “The Raven”
- Emily Dickinson, from “‘Hope’ is the thing with feathers -
- Luis Rodriguez, from “Tia Chucha”
- Walt Whitman, from “I Hear America Singing”
- W. H. Auden
- Washington Irving, from “The Devil and Tom
- Edgar Allan Poe, from “The Raven”
Contrast between what is expected to
happened and what actually does happen, as
in the poem “Richard Cory,” when a
gentleman who is admired and envied
commits suicide
Readers know more about a character in a
story than the characters do. In Flannery
O’Conner’s “The Life You Save May Be Your
Own,” for example, readers find out that Mr.
Shiftlet is a scoundrel before the other
characters do.
Occurs when someone says one thing and
means another, as in the title of Stephen
Crane’s poem “Do Not Weep, Maiden, for War
is Kind.”
literary element (or element
of literature) is an individual
aspect or characteristic of a
whole work of literature.
- Washington Irving, from “The Devil and Tom Walker”
Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Raven” and Dudley Randall’s “Ballad of