Period Four Essential Questions

Period Four 1800-1884
Remember: Focus on CAUSE/EFFECT for your vocabulary-NOT just simple definitions.
Chapter 7: Vocabulary and Questions
Henry Clay
John C. Calhoun
Louisiana Purchase
Embargo Act
Macon’s Bill
Aaron Burr
Chesapeake-Leopard Affair
John Bobbert
Nonintercourse Act of 1809
War Hawks
Treaty of Ghent
Hartford Convention
1. How did Presidents Jefferson and Madison’s economic policies help them to carry out their foreign policies?
2. What were the goals for the War of 1812? Focus on foreign relations, nationalism, and industry.
3. Explain the significance of John Marshall and Marbury v Madison.
Chapter 8: Vocabulary and Questions
Tariff of 1816
Marshall’s Supreme Court
The Missouri Compromise
The Monroe Doctrine
1. Explain how the factory system, inventions, and labor unions impacted industrial growth prior to the War of
1812 to the middle of the 19th century.
2. What was Henry Clay’s proposed American System?
3. Why is Monroe’s Presidency known as the Era of Good Feelings?
4. Identify and explain the causes of the Panic of 1819.
5. Explain the reasons for Westward Movement, the impact of population growth, the impact of changing
transportation, and the transitions in agriculture and the “market revolution.”
Chapter 9: Vocabulary and Questions
Old Northwest
Manifest Destiny
Know-Nothing Party
Tammany Hall
Eli Whiney
Denmark Vesey
1. What was the treatment of American Indians, free African Americans, and Irish Immigrants, by the Protestant
white majority?
2. Explain why the South lacked developing manufacturing during the first half of the 19th century compared to the
3. Explain the societal differences within the North, South, and West. Include women and African Americans in
your explanation.
We will cover Chapter 10 and 11 in another week. Focus on 7, 8, and 9 during Fall Break.
Hope you have a Great One 
Oct 22
Chapter 10: Vocabulary and Questions
Spoil System
Election of 1824
Indian Removal Act
Nullification Crisis
Pet Banks
Species Circular
1. Evaluate the policies of Jackson’s Presidency. Should it be called the “Age of the Common Man?” Explain
2. Identify the sectionalism beginning to happen between the Democrats and the Whigs. Evaluate the reasons
3. What is the importance of the “Log Cabin and Hard Cider” Campaign of 1840?
Oct 27
Chapter 11: Vocabulary and Questions
The Second Great Awakening
Oneida Community
Temperance Movement
Seneca Falls
Evaluate religious influences; pay close attention to the Second Great Awakening, and the Mormons.
Analyze intellectual influences in culture: transcendentalists, communal experiments, arts and literature
What impact/ role did women play during this period? What helped to overshadow much of their movements?
Why was the antislavery movement expanding?
Essential Questions:
Work, Exchange,
and Technology
Politics and Power
America in the
Environment and
Ideas, Beliefs, and
How did debates over American democratic culture and the proximity of many different cultures
living in close contact affect changing definitions of national identity?
How did the growth of mass manufacturing in the rapidly urbanizing North affect definitions of
and relationships between workers, and those for whom they worked? How did the continuing
dominance of agriculture and the slave system affect southern social, political, and economic
How did the continued movement of individuals and groups into, out of, and within the United
States shape the development of new communities and the evolution of old communities?
How did the growth of ideals of mass democracy, including such concerns as expanding suffrage,
public education, abolitionism, and care for the needy affect political life and discourse?
How did the United States use diplomatic and economic means to project its power in the
western hemisphere? How did foreign governments and individuals describe and react to the
new American nation?
How did environmental and geographic factors affect the development of sectional economics
and identities?
How did the idea of democratization shape and reflect American arts, literature, ideals, and