AP Psychology Chapter 5: States of Consciousness

AP Psychology
Chapter 5: States of Consciousness - Multiple Choice Practice
1. Activation-synthesis theory tries to explain
a. How consciousness emerges out of
neural firings.
b. How psychoactive drugs create
euphoric effects.
c. The origin and function of dreams.
d. How our mind awakens us after we pass
through all the sleep stages.
e. How our unconscious synthesizes all the
sensory information it receives.
2. Hilgard’s experiment that demonstrated the
presence of a hidden observer is evidence for
which theory?
a. Role theory of hypnosis
b. Levels theory of consciousness
c. Recuperative theory of sleep
d. Dissociation theory of hypnosis
e. State theory of hypnosis
3. Night terrors and other parasomnias usually
occur during which stage of sleep?
a. Stage 1, close to wakefulness
b. REM sleep
c. REM sleep, but only later in the night
when nightmares usually occur
d. Stage 4
e. Sleep onset
4. In the context of this unit, tolerance refers to
a. Treatment of psychoactive drug addicts
by peers and other members of society.
b. The amount of sleep a person needs to
function normally.
c. The need for an elevated dose of a drug
in order to get the same effect.
d. The labeling of individuals automatically
produced by the level of our
e. Harmful side effects of drugs.
5. As you are reading this question, you are
probably not thinking about what you ate for
lunch. The memory of what you ate for lunch is
most likely in your
a. Nonconscious
b. Preconscious
c. Unconscious
d. Sensory memory
e. Attention
6. Traveling in a jet from California to New York is
most likely to
a. Disrupt your circadian rhythms
b. Prevent onset of REM sleep
c. Stimulate your parasympathetic
nervous system
d. Induce delta brain waves
e. Cause withdrawal symptoms
7. Which of the following has enabled
psychologists to learn the most about sleep
processes over the last 50 years?
a. Psychopharmacology
b. Lesions
c. EEGs
d. CT scans
e. MRI
8. During paradoxical sleep, muscles seem
paralyzed and
a. Eyes dart about in various directions
b. Breathing is slow and shallow
c. Night terrors are likely sleepwalking
d. The sleeper is easily awakened
9. After her bridal shower, a young woman
dreamed that she was dining with her parents
when a young guy grabbed her wallet
containing her driver’s license, credit cards,
cash and family pictures. After discussing the
dream with a friend, she realized that she felt
anxious about losing her identity in her
approaching marriage. This explanation of her
dream represents the
a. Manifest content
b. Latent content
c. Ego
d. Activation-synthesis theory
e. Cognitive analysis
10. Of the following, which pair of psychoactive
drugs shares the most similar effects on the
a. Alcohol-marijuana
b. Caffeine-morphine
c. Nicotine-heroin
d. Amphetamines-cocaine
e. Barbiturates-LSD