Study Guide here

AP Psychology
States of Consciousness (Ch 3) Study Guide
Identify what you think to be the most important concepts from each of the following sections of the
Pages 85 – 91: Intro and Attention
 Dual processing and its role in
o selective attention
o cocktail party effect
o inattentional blindness
o change blindess
o choice blindness
Pages 91 – 103: Sleep (see also TED talks sheets, Hypnogram diagrams, PPT)
 Circadian rhythms
 Stages of sleep and brain waves and physical qualities associated with each
 Changes in typical sleep patterns at different ages
 Theories regarding why we sleep
 Consequences of sleep deprivation
 Sleep disorders
Pages 103 – 107: Dreams (see also PPT)
 Theories regarding why we dream
Pages 108 – 112: Hypnosis
 Definition/characteristics as increased suggestibility, divided consciousness, social phenomenon
 Uses of hypnosis
Pages 112 – 122: Psychoactive Drugs (see also Drug Chart and Mouse Party)
 Definitions of tolerance, withdrawal, dependence, addiction
 Effects of drugs in major categories: depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens, opiates,
dissociative drugs, inhalants, steroids
 Examples of drugs in the categories above
Pages 123 – 126: Influences on Drug Use
 Genetic, social, psychological
Pages 126 – 128: Near Death Experiences
 Characteristics of NDE
 Freud
 Hobson and McCarley
 Crick and Mitchison
 Cartwright
There are helpful review questions and answers on pages 129 – 130
There is a list of important vocabulary words on page 131