Agenda • Things to Get: – Paper from the front of the room (if there is paper ) • Things to Do: – Opener: • Review of Modern Dance – Class work: • Ballet Russe • Balanchine • Baryshnikov – Exit Slip: • Review of Modern Ballet Opener • 1) Name the artist and art movement for the image on the right. • 2) What jazz composer is famous for writings songs for the skills of the individuals in his band? • 3) What is the storyline of Alvin Ailey’s Revelations? • 4) What were the techniques created by Martha Graham for Modern dance. – Hint: hands, feet, torso, costumes, hair… • 5) What style of dance is seen in the clip shown? Why? – Support your answer with evidence from question one. http://youtu.be/oGY-8z3ytvQ The Development of American Ballet And how the Soviet Union made that possible • Let’s start with a review… The Development of American Ballet And how the Soviet Union made that possible • Public Ballets in Russia were staged as early as 1759 • Significant ballet schools were the Bolshoi, Maryinsky, St. Petersburg, and Moscow – Maryinsky Theater, under Marius Petipa, created the core of Russian Ballet (Swan Lake, the Nutcracker) – It was during this time that Petipa developed his philosophy on dancers’ training: • Philosophy: Rigorous training for dancers from a young age ensured brilliant technique. – Petipa brought the best of Europe east, using the wealth of the Russian court and their desire for spectacles to create the Classical Ballet • Classical ballets were developed in the Soviet Union. – Ballets now used amazing technique to create huge spectacles full of sets, costumes, and music to support a large group of dancers Diaghilev’s Ballet Russe The Preeminent Russian Ballet Company • One of the most influential ballet companies of the 20th century • Known for ground-breaking artistic collaboration among – contemporary choreographers – Composers – Artists – dancers • Created in 1909 by Serge Diaghilev • Choreographers included – Marius Petipa – Michel Fokine – Vaslav Nijinsky – George Balanchine • It created a sensation in Western Europe because of the great vitality of Russian ballet compared to French dance When company disbanded after Diaghilev’s death in 1929, many artists moved to America Famous Work: The Rite of Spring Diaghilev’s Ballet Russes The Rite of Spring • Choreographed by – Vaslav Nijinsky • Composed by – Igor Stravinsky • Date of Premiere – May 29th, 1913 • Original Ballet Company: – Ballets Russes • Designs by – Nicholas Roerich • Setting: – Russia • Genre: – Russian Modernism Ballet • Duration: – 33 mins • Storyline: – A pagan ritual in which a young girl dances herself to death Rite of Spring Analysis • Objective: – To analyze how the artistic collaboration of choreographers, composers, artists, and dancers can produce a ground-breaking production • Assignment: – In groups of two, use the resources provided to complete your learning guide. • Time allotted: – 20 minutes The Rite of Spring Part One: Show Until 2:35 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=adDhN12KG5M&fb_source=message Part Two: Show Until 6:00 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9AKpJ1NqyeM Part Three: Show until 1:00 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C_7ndqgwxcM&feature=related • Viewing Analysis George Balanchine • 1904-1983 (born in St. Petersburg, Russia) • The foremost contemporary choreographer in the world of ballet. • Education: – Studied at the Imperial School of Ballet during World War I. • After leaving the Soviet Union, he came to America. – He founded school of American Ballet in 1934 and the New York City Ballet in 1948 • Most Known For: – Founded the New York City Ballet in 1948 • Acted as their artistic director and chief choreographer – His neoclassical style. – Creating American ballet • He was an international choreographer and almost every ballet company in the world has performed his work. • Famous Work: Stars and Stripes Stars and Stripes • • • • 1958 Evokes Fourth of July parades Choreographed by George Balanchine Composed by John Philip Sousa – The original music was adapted and orchestrated by Hershy Kay • Performed in 5 acts (campaigns). It lasts an average of 28 minutes. • Overview – It is a full-company ballet complete with baton twirling, military marching and a regiment of rifle-bearing ballerinas. The fourth campaign is a challenging pas de deux with a coda set to the "Liberty Bell" and "El Capitan" marches which shows the virtuosity of the dancers. Mikhail Baryshnikov • Born January 27, 1948 • Best Ballet Male Dancer of 20th Century • Began dancing in Riga, Lativa • Debut made at Maryinsky Theater in 1967 • Debut with ABA in 1974. – Principle dancer – artistic director • In 1990 he founded the White Oak project with Mark Morris • the company reflects the transformation of Russian ballet into American modern dance. • most widely recognized contemporary ballet dancer because of acting ability http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SsOJ0G1psUA Baryshnikov Scene from White Nights • Objective: Demonstrate your knowledge of Baryshnikov – You must demonstrate your knowledge of why Baryshnikov earned the title of “Best Male Dancer of 20th century” • Audience: – You must select one of the following as your audience: • • • • • • People who don’t like dance - 5 year olds Athletes - Females Males - Dance Lovers Theater Actors - Visual Artists Musicians - Architect HS Visual and Performance Arts Teachers Label your audience, along with your name, on the back of your paper • Requirements: – Color - Full Page – Must be persuasive (I must be convinced that Baryshnikov is the “Best Male Dancer of the 20th Century”) – Include persuasive language to convince your audience! – Four facts to prove that he’s the best! • Time Allotment: 15 minutes • 1) What ballet company was the preeminent ballet company of first three decades of 20th century? • 2) Why was the company above considered “ground breaking?” • 3) Why was the Rite of Spring so controversial? • 4) Why is Balanchine considered “the father of American Ballet?” • 5) What is the name of the dancer is considered “the best male performers” of the 20th century?