Famous Microbiologists


Famous Microbiologists

Edward Jenner

 1749-1823

 British

 Vaccine for smallpox created from cowpox

 "Vaccination," the word

Jenner invented for his treatment (from the Latin vacca , a cow), was adopted by Pasteur for immunization against any disease.

Louis Pasteur -

“Father of Microbiology”

 1822-1895

 He solved the mysteries of rabies, anthrax, chicken cholera, and silkworm diseases, and contributed to the development of the first vaccines.

Robert Koch -

“Founder of Microbiology”

 German

 The Nobel Prize in

Physiology of

Medicine 1905

 Koch formulated systematic method for biological research

( Koch's Postulates)

Koch’s Postulates

 Pathogen must be found in infected organism.

 Pathogen must be isolated & grown in lab

 Pathogen grown in lab & introduced to healthy organism must cause the same disease

 Injected pathogen must be isolated from the second host

Alexander Fleming

 Biologist/Pharmacologist

 Scottish

 In 1914, he joined British Royal

Army Medical Corps to develop a cure to reduce the number of soldiers dying from infected wounds.

 Discovered penicillin in


 1930’s other scientists discovered a way to mass produce penicillin


 Microorganisms that are harmless or beneficial to other organisms


Yeast & bacteria in mouth & throat

Bacteria in large intestine

Zoonoses and Vectors

 Zoonosis = any disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans.

Ex. West Nile, Lyme Disease, Ebola

Vector = transport disease from animal to human

- usually do not get sick themselves ex. Deer Tick is vector for Lyme Disease

Web Sites

 http://www.reformation.org/pasteur.html

http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1905/kochbio.htmlhttp://search.nobelprize.org/search/nobel/?q=Alexander+Flemi ng&i=en

 http://nobelprize.org/educational_games/medicine/immunity/game/ind ex.html

Game above http://www.sjsu.edu/depts/Museum/flemin.html