Vaccine for smallpox created from cowpox
"Vaccination," the word
Jenner invented for his treatment (from the Latin vacca , a cow), was adopted by Pasteur for immunization against any disease.
“Father of Microbiology”
He solved the mysteries of rabies, anthrax, chicken cholera, and silkworm diseases, and contributed to the development of the first vaccines.
“Founder of Microbiology”
The Nobel Prize in
Koch formulated systematic method for biological research
( Koch's Postulates)
Pathogen must be found in infected organism.
Pathogen must be isolated & grown in lab
Pathogen grown in lab & introduced to healthy organism must cause the same disease
Injected pathogen must be isolated from the second host
In 1914, he joined British Royal
Army Medical Corps to develop a cure to reduce the number of soldiers dying from infected wounds.
Discovered penicillin in
1930’s other scientists discovered a way to mass produce penicillin
Microorganisms that are harmless or beneficial to other organisms
Yeast & bacteria in mouth & throat
Bacteria in large intestine
Zoonosis = any disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans.
Ex. West Nile, Lyme Disease, Ebola
Vector = transport disease from animal to human
- usually do not get sick themselves ex. Deer Tick is vector for Lyme Disease
Game above http://www.sjsu.edu/depts/Museum/flemin.html