Daily Goals • Content Goals: – Understand the role the work of Muckrakers played in reforming the abuses of industrialization. • Literacy Goals: – Understand the terms “muckraker” and “urbanization.” – Read primary sources to understand the work of Muckrakers. • Social Goal: – Work in partners to evaluate the quality of an essay. – Focus conversation into partnered and class discussion. Quick Fire The New Colossus Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame, With conquering limbs astride from land to land; Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name Mother of Exiles. From her beacon-hand Glows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes command The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame. "Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp!" cries she With silent lips. "Give me your tired, your poor, This unit is about the rise of Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, industry, cities, and The wretched refuse of your teeming shore. immigration. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door! Explain how this poem could be used to fit all three themes together. Urbanization • Farms->Cities Muckrakers • Journalists helped reformers by exposing corruption • Muckrakers wrote about problems that were hidden and exposed them • They “Raked the Muck” or cleaned up the dirt and corruption in the world. Famous Muckrakers • Lincoln Steffens – Exposed corrupt machine politics in NYC, Chicago, and other cities • Ida Tarbell – Described the unfair practices of the oil trust Upton Sinclair • Sinclair was a muckraker who wrote a book about the meatpacking industry • Sinclair wanted to show the public how the workers were mistreated Sinclair • Instead, he uncovered disgusting truths including, meat falling on the ground, rats and other rodents being grounded into the meat, and mislabeling the products. • Congress responded by passing the Meat Inspection Act in 1906, along with the Pure Food and Drug Act, banning the sale of harmful food The Jungle • What were some of the job hazards of working in the meat-packing industry? • After the publication of The Jungle, Upton Sinclair wrote that he had “aimed for the public’s heart and hit it in the stomach.” What do you think he meant? Tenement Life • What were some of the dangers of living in “dumb-bell tenements? • Who would live in tenements, and why would they tolerate such bad conditions? Quick Fire Quick Fire Inspection cards like this were issued to each immigrant during processing. Mental Competency Immigrants with suspected mental deficiencies were asked to assemble block puzzles or “pick out the smiling faces” to prove their competence.