Chapter 13 reading and study guide

Chapter 13: Cardiovascular System Reading Guide and Review Questions
1. Describe the general structure, function and location of the heart.
2. What is the pericardium?
3. Compare and contrast the layers of the cardiac wall.
4. Identify the locations of the chambers, accessory parts, and the valves of the heart.
5. Describe the “skeleton” of the heart. Explain its function.
6. Trace the path of blood through the heart.
7. Trace the path of blood through the coronary circulation.
8. Describe a cardiac cycle.
9. What pressure changes occur in the atria and ventricles during a cardiac cycle?
10. What is the origin of heart sounds?
11. Distinguish between the roles of the S-A node and the A-V node.
12. Explain how the cardiac conduction system controls the cardiac cycle.
13. Describe the normal ECG pattern.
14. Discuss how the nervous system regulates the cardiac cycle.
15. Distinguish between artery and arteriole.
16. Explain vasoconstriction versus vasodilation.
17. What is the structure and function of a capillary?
18. How does diffusion function in the exchange of substances between plasma and tissue fluid?
19. Compare and contrast vein and venule.
20. How do veins function as blood reservoirs?
21. Compare and contrast systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Label each on the diagram below.
22. Name 5-7 factors that influence blood pressure. Explain how 3 of the 5-7 you mentioned produces its
23. How is blood pressure controlled?
24. List the major factors that pomote the flow of venous blood.
25. Compare and contrast between pulmonary and systemic circuits.
26. Trace the path of blood through pulmonary circuit.
27. Describe the aorta. Names its principal branches.
28. Describe the relationship between major venous pathways and major arterial pathways.
29. Label all the appropriate veins and arteries (where you see a label line)
30. Label all the necessary parts of the artery/vein system. (All blank label lines)