Review Sheet for The Heart Complete the review sheet to help you study for the exam on the heart. 1. What is arrhythmia? 2. What is the function of a vein? 3. What is the function of an artery? 4. What is the function of the cardiovascular system? 5. What is atherosclerosis? 6. What is the difference between cardiac arrest and myocardial infarction? 7. Blood flow through the heart: Blood travels from the __________________________ into the _________________. The blood is then pumped into the _________________________. From here, the blood is pumped through the ____________________________ to the ___________ where ____________________ and ____________________ are exchanged. Once that occurs, blood returns to the heart via the ________________________________ into the ____________________. The blood is then pumped into the _________________________. From here, the blood is pumped through the ____________ to the rest of the body. 8. In order, the four structures responsible for cardiac conduction are? 9. What is the medical term for high blood pressure? 10. What is the medical term for low blood pressure? 11. What are common signs MEN display when suffering a heart attack? 12. What are common signs WOMEN display when suffering a heart attack? 13. Identify the signs that a person is suffering a stroke. 14. What kind of arrhythmia is most commonly associated with cardiac arrest? 15. What is the best course of action to take if someone you are with is experiencing a stroke, heart attack, or cardiac arrest? 16. What is the function of the SA node? 17. What is the function of the AV node? 18. What is the function of the AV Bundle? 19. What is the function of the Purkinje Fibers? 20. What happens to the cardiac muscle surrounding a blockage in the coronary artery? Why? 21. Why is it bad if the heart muscle begins to thicken? Study the diagrams and be able to label the chambers, major vessels leading to and away from the heart, and the cardiac conduction system.