ch. 11

Grab Laptop, log-in
 Not Today: In use for Testing
Get notes packet from back
 Get book and be ready for notes
 Fill out the Map outline.
Chapter 11
Ch. 11 Section 1
Main Objectives
Major landforms and
climates of C.A.
found in C.A.
How have
conditions led to
political conflict?
 Isthmus
 Guerrilla
Major landforms and climates of
Central America
3 Major Landform Regions
 Mountainous Core (pg.238)
 Mtns run length of C.A.
○ Cause Transportation problems
 2 Climate Zones exist here
○ 3k-6k above sea level= year round spring,
good for growing corn/coffee
○ Above 6k= cold climate w/frequent frosts, few
crops can grow
Major landforms and climates of
Central America
3 Major Landform Regions
 Caribbean Lowlands (pg.238)
 Eastern Side of C.A., edges Car. Sea
 Climate
○ Tropical Wet climate
 Hot/Humid w/ heavy rainfall causes dense vegetation
 B/C of unfertile Rain forest soil tough to grow crops
Major landforms and climates of
Central America
3 Major Landform Regions
 Pacific Coastal Plains (pg.238)
 Located on Western Edge of C.A.
 Climates
○ Tropical Wet and Dry
 Can only depend on Rainfall in the summer
 Land
○ Very fertile soil caused by lava flow and ash
deposits from Volcanoes high above the plain
People and Cultures of
Central America
Home to many different ethnic groups
 Tends to be concentrated locations b/c of mtns.
 Longest tenured, larges # in Guatemala
 Largest European settlement in Costa Rica (90%)
 Mestizos=mix of European/Indian
○ Large populations in El Salvador/Nicaragua
Social/Economic Conditions
leading to Political Conflict
Most Central American are poor
Farmers w/little political power
Wealthiest (Europeans and Mestizos)
 Plantation owners and dominate govt.
 Small but growing middle class
Causes of Conflict
 Shortage of Farmland
 Govt. support of only the wealthy
 Power in hands of wealthy
Lesson Closing
Go to Website
 Play online games at least 5 times
 Work on Project/HW
 GRADE CHECK tomorrow over
○ Filled out Map outline and Sect. 1 Notes
○ Chapter 11, Sect. 1 Guided Reading Review
Narrow strip of Land connecting
two larger land areas
Armed forces outside the regular
army, often opposing govt.
Bell Work
Get Laptop
 Log-in
 Grab books/folders
 Do Section 1 Quiz
Go over answers
Chapter 11 Section 2
Learning Objectives
 Major physical
 Archipelago
characteristics of Caribbean  Coral Island
 Windward
 Ethnic Roots of Caribbean
 Leeward
 Political/Economic Status of
islands today
 Why is migration Common
Major physical characteristics of
Caribbean Islands
3 Island Groups
 Great/Lesser Antilles, Bahamas
 Greater Antilles (pretty mountainous)
○ Island Formation by volcanic mtns pushed up from
ocean floor
 Lesser Antilles
○ Island Formation result of volcanic activity
 Bahamas
○ Island formation result of accumulation of coral
polyps making it a flatter coral island
Marine Climate
 Affected by sear and wind, heavy rainfall on
windward side, less on leeward side.
Ethnic Roots of Caribbean
Descendents of Enslaved Africans
 Example is their form of folk music
 Similar stories to that American slaves of
Descendents of Asians Immigrants
 Slavery abolished, making Asian immigrants
large source of labor for region
Political/Economic Status of
islands today
Large % of population lives in independent
 Many are still linked to US, or European
 Economic Activities
 Agriculture
○ B/C of fertile soil in volcanic islands; much of worlds
sugar, bananas, coconuts, rice, etc produced
○ Many others activities related to the manufacturing of
these goods
 Tourism
○ B/C of natural beauty, good tourist location
○ Much of $$ from it remains overseas though
Why is migration Common
Migration has historically been common
in Caribbean Islands for 2 Reasons
 Poor political Situations
 Military Dictators, oppression, econ.
Job opportunities
 Much like that in Mexico
 Plantations are major employers but only
employ large #s for shorter amounts of time
Lesson Closing
Go to Netbook
 Go to site again and work on Countries
 Sharepoint and click on site.
Be able to list the 7 counties of Central
America and the Caribbean Islands
 After Played game AT LEAST 5 TIMES
 Work on Semester Project
 Archipelago
 Group or chain of islands
 Coral
 Islands created by the remains of tiny, soft-
bodied sea animals
 Windward
 Northern/Eastern Sides of Islands, facing the
wind, get lots of rain
 Leeward
 Facing away from wind, may get little rain