Entry 6 KEY - Cherokee County Schools

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Local Government Ch. 29 & 30
Chapter 29 pp.474-485
Name:
Entry # 6
Three Kinds of Local Government in Georgia (p.474)
What are three kinds of local government in Georgia?
1.
2.
Counties
Cities
3.
Special Districts
Counties: (p.475)
4. What is a county seat? The city where the county courthouse is located.
5. What is the county seat for CHEROKEE County? (Appendix p.512)
CANTON
6. How many counties are there in Georgia?
159
The County Governing Body (p.477 - 478)
The governing body of a county is its county commission, whose members are elected by the
county voters. County commissioners can pass ordinances and resolutions.
Explain each of these fully!
7. Ordinance: reasonable laws regarding local property and affairs. These laws establish a
new recreation program, a traffic law, or other policy of the county.
8. Resolution: Informal statements expressing the commission’s opinion on a public matter.
Powers of County Government (p.478-479)
List 5
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
services that counties provide for the state.
Fire Protection/Police
Sewer system
Public transportation
Parks/ recreational facilities
Public Health Facilities
14. Define municipality using your GLOSSARY: The legal name in Georgia for a city or town.
The City Governing Body (p.483-484)
15. List the 3 different forms of city government. (These do vary from city to city)
1.
Mayor-Council with a Strong Mayor
2.
Mayor-Council with a Weak Mayor
3.
Council-Manager Government
Compare and Contrast the following forms of government.
Weak Mayor Council
Strong Mayor Council
Council Manager
Mayor recommends
Mayor has strong executive Mayor can preside over
ordinances and appoints
power, an administrative
council meetings, but has no
department heads with
assistant, can veto council
administrative power.
council approval. Council
legislation, etc. Council has
Council decides on laws and
decided on policies and
limits on their power.
policy. City Manager
makes laws.
appointed to run admin
items.
Special Purpose Governments (p.484-485)
19. Define Special District: Small government units set up by the legislature or by a city or
county ordinance for a special purpose.
20. Give 3 examples of Special Districts or authorities.
1. Hospitals – Like Grady Hospital
2. Industrial Development – to bring in and encourage new business to come settle there
3. Public Transportation – Like MARTA
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