12th Grade World History Test Review *** Denotes a Final Exam Question This party based its theories on the work of Karl Marx. Sigmund Freud devised this method by which a therapist and patient could probe deeply into the patient’s memory. In the Second Industrial Revolution, what led the way to new industrial frontiers? *** According to Karl Marx, the ____, or working class, was oppressed by the middle class. Although they made up only 5 percent of the population, which class controlled 30 to 40 percent of the wealth? The alliance between Great Britain, Russia, and France was known as the According to Albert Einstein’s special ________ ____ _________________, if all material things disappear out of the universe, time and space would disappear with them. *** ________________ believed that the world was a collection of symbols that reflected the true reality, which was the individual human mind. ***_______________ was the idea that buildings, like the products of machines, should be useful and lack unnecessary ornamentation. The ________-________ ____________gave rise to automobiles, airplanes, and improved ocean liners. During the Second Industrial Revolution, how much of the European population belonged to the working class? The alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy was known as the According to ___________ _________,human behavior was strongly determined by repressed experiences. Who was a postimpressionist painter for whom art was a spiritual experience? The constitution of the new imperial Germany begun by ______ ___ _______set up a twohouse legislature. A major goal of _______ __________’s explorations was to find a river to open Central Africa to commerce and Christianity. The ____ were descendents of Europeans born in Latin America who lived there permanently. Latin America exported these items after 1870. Who established the colony of Singapore? If a colony was run by ________ __________, local elites were removed from power and replaced with a new set of officials from the mother country. Originally sent to Africa to find David Livingstone, __________ ____________ was hired by King Leopold II of Belgium. The only free states remaining in Africa by 1914 were Lord _______________ designed a new school system in India to train Indian children to serve in the colonial government and army. Who set up a nonviolent movement with the aim to force the British to aid the poor and grant independence to India? In the Latin American colonial system, who were the mestizos? the belief that Europeans had a moral responsibility to civilize indigenous peoples was called the ____________ ________’s ___________. Who led a movement for independence in the Philippines? The _________________ were descendants of the original Dutch settlers of Cape Town and the surrounding areas. In 1857 a growing Indian distrust of the British led to the First War of Independence, which the British called the _________ ______________. What was the goal of the Indian National Congress? Who was the Indian author who was also a social reformer, spiritual leader, educator, philosopher, singer, and painter? As a result of a slave revolt led by ________Dominique ___________-___________ which country became Latin America’s first independent nation? Who began the struggle for independence in Venezuela in 1810? *** What were the group of Protestants in England who were inspired by Calvinist ideas called? *** Absolutism is *** ____ were French Protestants influenced by John Calvin. Absolutism is a system in which a ruler holds total power. In seventeenthcentury Europe, absolutism was tied to the idea of the divine right of kings. This means that rulers received their power from God and were responsible to no one except God. They had the ability to make laws, levy taxes, administer justice, control officials, and determine foreign policy. Question on next slide *** Which power is not included in the authority that the system of Absolutism believed God had given to kings? a. b. c. d. making laws changing the country’s religion setting foreign policy levying taxes *** To Voltaire and many other philosophers, the universe was *** Montesquieu’s most lasting contribution to political thought was his According to Darwin, what was central to organic evolution?