File - AP Human Geography

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AP Human Geography – Name_____________________________________________
Chapter 10- Agriculture
Where Did Agriculture Originate?
1. Define the following terms:
a. Agriculture:
b. Crop:
c. Hunting & Gathering:
d. Vegetative Planting
e. Seed Agriculture:
2. Describe Carl Sauer’s beliefs about the origins of vegetative and seed agriculture.
3. Point out two ways the maps 10.1 and 10.2 are similar?
a.
b.
4. Point out two ways the maps 10.1 and 10.2 are different?
a.
b.
17. Define subsistence agriculture:
5. List and discuss the five principle features that distinguish subsistence agriculture from commercial agriculture.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
6. Define agribusiness.
Where Are Agricultural Regions in Less Developed Countries?
15. Define Pastoral nomadism:
16. Define transhumance:
17. Another form of subsistence agriculture is “intensive” subsistence agriculture. What does the word intensive
imply?
18. What is meant by the following terms?
a. wet rice
b. sawah or paddy
c. double cropping
d. crop rotation
19. What are the two characteristics of shifting cultivation?
a.
b.
20. What is meant by slash-and-burn agriculture?
19. Complete the following table about agricultural regions in Less developed Countries (LDC):
Shifting
Cultivation
Pastoral
Nomadism
Intensive
Subsistence wet rice
dominant
Intensive
Subsistence –
wet rice not
dominant
Plantation
(found in Key
Issue #3 page
336)
Where
Practiced?
Crops Grown
Where Are Agricultural Regions in More Developed Countries
20. How did the invention of McCormick’s reaper and today’s combine change wheat production?
21. Define horticulture:
22. Complete the following table about agricultural regions in More developed Countries (MDC):
Mixed Crop &
Livestock
Dairy
Grain
Livestock
Ranching
Mediterranean
Where
Practiced?
Crops Grown
Key Issue 4: Why Does Agriculture Vary Among Regions?
Issues for Subsistence Farmers
23. According to Ester Boserup, how has the growing population affected subsistence
farmers?
24. How has international trade affected subsistence farming?
Commercial
Gardening &
Fruit Farming
(Truck)
Issues for Commercial Farmers
25. According to von Thunen’s model for selecting an agricultural activity, what factors does a farmer take into
account when deciding what crops to grow?
26. Why are market oriented gardens and milk producers located in the first ring closest to the city center in Von
Thunen’s Model?
26. Why is wood lots where timber is cut for construction and fuel located in the second ring close to the city center
in Von Thunen’s Model?
27. What are two things Von Thunen did not consider in his model?
28. How does the overproduction of food affect commercial farming?
29. How do government policies attack the problem of excess food production?
30. Define sustainable agriculture.
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