AP Human Geography – Name_____________________________________________ Chapter 10- Agriculture Where Did Agriculture Originate? 1. Define the following terms: a. Agriculture: b. Crop: c. Hunting & Gathering: d. Vegetative Planting e. Seed Agriculture: 2. Describe Carl Sauer’s beliefs about the origins of vegetative and seed agriculture. 3. Point out two ways the maps 10.1 and 10.2 are similar? a. b. 4. Point out two ways the maps 10.1 and 10.2 are different? a. b. 17. Define subsistence agriculture: 5. List and discuss the five principle features that distinguish subsistence agriculture from commercial agriculture. a. b. c. d. e. 6. Define agribusiness. Where Are Agricultural Regions in Less Developed Countries? 15. Define Pastoral nomadism: 16. Define transhumance: 17. Another form of subsistence agriculture is “intensive” subsistence agriculture. What does the word intensive imply? 18. What is meant by the following terms? a. wet rice b. sawah or paddy c. double cropping d. crop rotation 19. What are the two characteristics of shifting cultivation? a. b. 20. What is meant by slash-and-burn agriculture? 19. Complete the following table about agricultural regions in Less developed Countries (LDC): Shifting Cultivation Pastoral Nomadism Intensive Subsistence wet rice dominant Intensive Subsistence – wet rice not dominant Plantation (found in Key Issue #3 page 336) Where Practiced? Crops Grown Where Are Agricultural Regions in More Developed Countries 20. How did the invention of McCormick’s reaper and today’s combine change wheat production? 21. Define horticulture: 22. Complete the following table about agricultural regions in More developed Countries (MDC): Mixed Crop & Livestock Dairy Grain Livestock Ranching Mediterranean Where Practiced? Crops Grown Key Issue 4: Why Does Agriculture Vary Among Regions? Issues for Subsistence Farmers 23. According to Ester Boserup, how has the growing population affected subsistence farmers? 24. How has international trade affected subsistence farming? Commercial Gardening & Fruit Farming (Truck) Issues for Commercial Farmers 25. According to von Thunen’s model for selecting an agricultural activity, what factors does a farmer take into account when deciding what crops to grow? 26. Why are market oriented gardens and milk producers located in the first ring closest to the city center in Von Thunen’s Model? 26. Why is wood lots where timber is cut for construction and fuel located in the second ring close to the city center in Von Thunen’s Model? 27. What are two things Von Thunen did not consider in his model? 28. How does the overproduction of food affect commercial farming? 29. How do government policies attack the problem of excess food production? 30. Define sustainable agriculture.