The Union in Peril Notes Name:________________________________________________Date:___________ Sectionalism 1. Differences between the north and south led to _______________________ – placing your own region’s interests ahead of the interests of the nation as a whole. 2. The issue of _____________________ was the biggest problem. Wilmot Proviso 3. David Wilmot, a congressman from Pennsylvania proposed the ________________________________________________. 4. The Wilmot Proviso was legislation that would _____________________ slavery in any territory taken from Mexico at the end of the Mexican War. 5. It would _____________________ California, Utah and New Mexico to slavery. 6. The __________________________ states liked it, but the _____________________ states did not. Compromise of 1850 7. In 1848 _____________________________________ was elected 12th President of the United States. 8. He died in 1849 and __________________________________ became the 13th President. 9. _____________________ in the new states was an issue. 10. Henry Clay developed the _________________________________________________________ to help settle the problem. 11. Compromise of 1850 – allowed California to join the Union as a free state (no slavery) but included the Fugitive Slave Act. 12. The ________________________________________________ - required all states to catch and return runaway slaves to the original owners. 13. It also allowed for ______________________________________________ – the right of residents of a state to vote for or against slavery – in New Mexico and Utah. Fugitive Slaves and the Underground Railroad 14. Fugitive slaves were slaves who had _________________ to a free state to stay. 15. ____________________________________ had helped many slaves escape through the Underground Railroad. 16. The Compromise of 1850 made the Underground Railroad ________________. Uncle Tom’s Cabin 17. In 1852 __________________________________________ wrote the novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin. 18. The novel was an angry response to the Fugitive Slave Act. 19. It focused on ___________________ and their hard lives. 20. It encouraged abolitionists to fight to ________________ slavery and helped spark the Civil War. Kansas-Nebraska Act 21. In 1854 the Kansas-Nebraska Act would divide the land west of the Mississippi into ________ territories (Kansas and Nebraska) 22. These states were supposed to enter the Union as ______________ states, but the KansasNebraska Act gave them ________________________________________ – the state would decide for itself to be a free or slave state. 23. Pro-slavery and Anti-slavery settlers rushed to settle the new land. Bleeding Kansas 24. The Sack of Lawrence – a group of proslavery men ___________________ an antislavery township. 25. John Brown’s Raid – ______________________________ was an antislavery supporter. In response to the Sack of Lawrence, he attacked a proslavery settlement in Pottawatomie Creek. Here he pulled _________ men out of bed, chopped off their hands and stabbed them. He also led a raid on an armory in Harper’s Ferry, Virginia. The slaves did not help him and the settlers killed or captured John Brown and his supporters. John Brown was _____________________ for the raid. 26. In the end more than 200 people had died. 27. The fighting was so bad that the area became known as “_______________________________” Dred Scott Decision of 1857 28. _______________________ was a slave. He belonged to a military surgeon – Dr. Emerson. 29. Dr. Emerson moved with the military. 30. He took Dred Scott with him to many states including the ________________ states of Illinois and Wisconsin. 31. After Dr. Emerson’s death, Dred Scott ______________ Mrs. Emerson for his freedom, because he had lived on _____________ soil. 32. The Supreme Court decided that a slave could ____________ be considered a citizen. Election of 1860 33. ________________________________________ was a member of the newly formed Republican party who opposed slavery. 34. _________________________________________ was a democrat who stated his belief in popular sovereignty for slavery issues. This became known as the ________________________ ___________________________________________. 35. After several debates and several examples of violence between proslavery and antislavery supporters the election was held. 36. Abraham Lincoln ________________ the election and became the 16th President of America. The New Era 37. With a new antislavery President, tensions in America became worse as the possibility of war increased.