The Cold War

Chapter 27
Satellite State
Policy of Containment
Arms Race
Domino Theory
Heavy Industry
The Cold War and Postwar
Chapter 27
Development of the Cold War
Section 1
The Cold War Begins
Yalta Conference – Feb 1945
– Creation of the United Nations
– Germany divided into four zones occupied by
US, UK, USSR, and France
– Free elections in liberated nations
Potsdam Conference – July 1945
– Stalin refused to allow democratic elections in
Eastern Europe
“The Iron Curtain”
Europe becomes divided
– Capitalism vs.
Churchill declares “an
iron curtain” was
crossing “the continent”
– Stalin views remark
as provoking war
Soviet and western
relationships would be
hostile until the 1980s.
Post War Fear
The Truman Doctrine
– 1947 – US would
provide aid to
threatened by
The Marshall Plan
General George C. Marshall, Secretary of
– Economic depressed post war economies
caused WWII
– Economically depressed nations would fall to
$13 billion to rebuild Europe
Policy of Containment
New Alliances
NATO – North Atlantic Treaty
Organization, 1955
– Western Allies
Warsaw Pact, 1955
– Soviet satellites and allies
Arms Race
Nuclear armament
build ups
– Further development
of atomic bomb
Space race
– Sputnik I, 1957
A Divided Germany
Four sectors
US, France, UK and
American, French and
British sectors unified into
Federal Republic of
Germany (West
Soviet sector becomes
German Democratic
Republic (East Germany)
The Berlin Wall
West Berlin was an
isolated region of
capitalist and democratic
1961, East German
government constructs
wall to keep East
Germans from migrating
in masses
– Patrols
– Machine guns
– Dog squads
German Re-Unification
Mass demonstrations and riots break out
in East Berlin in 1989
– Forced opening of West German border in
Wall begins to fall Nov 9, 1989
– Germany reunifies in 1990
Map is two sided (East and West)
Outline (all) NATO members (Color)
Outline Warsaw pact members (Color)
Outline Nonmember nations (Color)
Label the countries on the map
You must have a key and your name on
the map!
Use pg. 852 to help you!
The Soviet Union and
Eastern Europe
Section 2
Post War Recovery
Rapid industrialization
Heavy industry
Three times more
industrial goods than
all literature and culture
must be state approved
All scientific
controlled by government.
The Khrushchev Era
Stalin dies in 1953
New General Secretary –
Nikita Khrushchev
De-Stalinization - Vocab
– Loosened government control
on industry
– Ended purges and
– More emphasis on consumer
goods; agriculture
Cuban Missile Crisis
– Placed Soviet missiles on
Cuba soil
Resistance and Revolts in the
By 1947, all of Eastern Europe (except
Albania, Yugoslavia, and Greece) were
under Soviet dominance.
After Stalin’s death, many of the satellite
states tried to assert their independence.
Western Europe and North
Section 3
Charles deGaulle
Investment in nuclear
armaments for power
Economic growth
faster than United
States in the 50s.
The U.K.
The economic hardship of post WWII UK
marked the end of the era of the British
Colonial possessions begin to disintegrate
Socialized healthcare and industry
Welfare state
The United States – 1950s
Economic Boom in the
1950s - Consumerism
Climate of fear
– Nuclear hostilities
– The Red Scare
Senator Joseph
McCarthy and the
House Committee
on Un-American
1964 – American troops
sent to Vietnam to Keep
the communist regime of
North Vietnam from
invading South Vietnam
“The Domino Theory”
Social Upheaval
Social Upheaval of
the 1960/70s
– The Civil Rights
– Anti-Vietnam
Kent State
– Women’s Rights
The Civil Rights Movement
Segregation in the
American South
– Jim Crow laws
Rosa Parks and the
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Martin Luther King, Jr.
March on Washington
– “I Have A Dream”
Civil Rights Act of 1964
March on Washington
Pg. 869 #1-3
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