Position The location of an object. Motion A change in the position of an object. Relative position Position of one object compared with the position of another object. Speed The rate at which an object changes position Force A push or pull Friction Gravity A contact force that opposes the motion of an object A non-contact force that pulls objects toward each other Magnetism A non-contact force that pulls objects containing iron. Work What happens when a force moves an object over a distance. Constant speed Change position at the same rate. Simple machines Machines that help make work easier. Inclined plane A simple machine consisting of a slant surface connecting a lower level to a higher level. Ramp Another name for an inclined plane. Wedge A simple machine made up of two slanted sides that end in a sharp edge. Screw A simple machine that is an inclined plane wrapped around a center post. Lever A simple machine that is a stiff bar that rests on a support. Pulley Wheel and axle A simple machine that changes the direction of motion of an object to which a force is applied; has a grooved wheel that runs on an axle. A simple machine what allows someone to pull or push a load with less force because the wheel and axle are carrying more of the weight.