The Indo-US relationship has evolved gradually in the last two decades from estrangement to engagement heading an alliance.

The conversion interests especially in the crucial areas such as countering terrorism, managing nuclear proliferations and containing china augmented the possibility and scope of joint efforts and closer strategic engagement between the India and US.

Various problems of the south Asian subcontinent such as territorial disputes, the ethnic and religious divergence, national separatism, religious extremism and cross-border terrorism and the nuclear confrontation draw US attention to the region and also facilitated cooperation between India and the US.

There is an increasing awareness and acceptance of India’s growing importance and future potential as a global player among the US policy makers

India’s emergence as a regional power in terms of security and on the economic front will not jeopardize US trade and security interests in Asia

The Indo-US engagement can turn into security alliance on the basis of complementarities of interests

It is in the interests of both US and India to work together, to support and understand each other to achieve shared goals and common causes of concern effectively. Both are the natural partners and they can do much more it works jointly.

Requirements of few bold and assertive steps to be initiated from both sides to further consolidate relations and dispel mutual suspicion






Indispensability of strategic engagement in

South Asia

From estranged to natural allies

Convergence of Interests-countering terrorism, managing nuclear proliferations and finally containing china


Worsening South Asian Dilemma and Indo-

US relations


Nuclearisation of south Asia

The Pakistan factor

The Dragon challenge


Democracy,trade,emerging market

India’s economic growth

India is being perceived as an opportunity by the US

To contain china


India need the US help for its civilian nuclear programme by facilitating fuel supply from the nuclear suppliers and create an environment in which India can produce nuclear energy for developmental purposes.

India needs US investment, their technology, expertise, equipements.US cooperation with India in the field of economy, energy and education which will be crucial for

India in achieving its development objectives

India can compensate military and economic imbalance with China and checkmate china by entering into close military alliance with the US.

India requires the US help in containing the menace of terrorism by disciplining Pakistan

India needs US support to secure permanent berth at the

UN Security Council


As the new power game being shaped in Asia in the 21 st century, there is a strong realization on the part of both US and India that they can no longer afford neutrality and the partnership between these two countries is indispensable to protect mutual interests. The partnership is also required for Asian security, stability and prosperity.

The Indo-US engagement can turn into security alliance on the basis of complementarities of interests. The shared interests in the multiple areas including security, non-proliferation, terrorism and open governance has created an environment and increased the prospects for security alliance. Apart from this, the

US and India share many common interests in South Asia right from maintaining regional balance of power, containing Chinese penetration into Indian ocean

,combating terrorism to discipline Pakistan. India and the US can cooperate in improving the region’s security and stability; to counter terrorism; to promote democracy; to prevent nuclear proliferation, and contain China

The Indo-US relations will alter the course of major events in Asia in future if this engagement turns into a formal alliance similar to US-Japan Security Alliance. Such alliance will act as a counterweight to the rising power of china and can stop the

Chinese juggernaut in Indian ocean.

The primary concern of US in south Asia is to prevent all out war between India and

Pakistan and ensure that the nuclear weapons of both countries are safe and not vulnerable to theft especially by the terrorists. The US is putting pressure on

Pakistan to stop cross border infiltration and on India to engage Pakistan in dialogue


India’s engagement with the US is both an opportunity and challenge to

India and vice versa .Considering the possibility of escalation of conflict with China over border issue and with Pakistan over Kashmir issue, India need to develop constructive relations with the US. Equally, the US should pay more attention to India considering its increasing influence in the region. It is necessary for US to support the development of India to ensure regional stability in Asia

India has big power aspirations. It is nurturing the dream of becoming regional super power. However Indian foreign policy does not seems to commensurate with its power ambitions. As several Indian and foreign analysts have observed, Indian foreign policy is an astonishingly risk averse foreign policy. India needs to draft a compressive national security strategy based on its power ambitions. India should strengthen its bilateral ties with the US based on shared political, security and economic interests.

In order to move the relationship forward both India and US requires continuous cooperation and consultation and few bold steps on regional and international issues. They need to intensify their dialogue on several issues. There are several untapped areas containing huge potential for cooperation.