5 Themes of Geography Poster Get in groups of 3-4 Choose a place to describe using the 5 themes Here’s a list of what you need on your poster.You MAY include more than this. Be sure to clearly identify which theme you are describing. Make sure each group member’s name is on the poster. absolute and relative Climate- describe the characteristics (hot, cold, rainy) Identify at least 1 physical feature found there Dominate language spoken there Ethnicities Religions practiced there Types of transportations Types of agriculture, etc. Region the place belongs to Geography Unit 1B © Robin Foster The Earth A Living Planet Planet Earth Facts 3rd planet from Sun 93 million miles from sun Diameter 8,000 miles at Equator Notable Mt. Everest 29,028 ft.-highest point Dead Sea 1,312 ft.-lowest point Mariana Trench-35,800 ft.-below sea level Parts of the Earth Biosphere-part of the earth where life is found-people, plants and animals Hydrosphere-all bodies of water Lithosphere-land areas Atmosphere-air surrounding earth Rotation Rotation of the earthcauses day and night Revolution The revolution of the earth around the sun causes seasons. Inside the earth Core Mantle Inner-solid, iron/nickel Outer-1,800 below surface, melted iron/nickel Dense, hot silicon, oxygen, aluminum, iron and manganese. Crust 19-37 miles thick, Huge plate sections of rock that float on the partially melted layer in the upper mantle. The Earth’s Structure Theory of plate tectonics Continental drift developed in 1912 by Alfred Wegener. Pangea(all earth)-original landmass Laurasia and Gondwanaland-two supercontinents created when Pangea broke up. Yes, the continents are always moving and shifting. Warm-Up- in your notebook Briefly describe the make-up of the earth. BE SURE YOUR POSSESSIONS ARE PUT AWAY! SOMEONE STOLE SOMETHING FROM MY DESK YESTERDAY. . . . . . .This isn’t up for discussion, just a reminder to keep your valuables with you, put away, or at home. Vocab Quiz # 1 Choose 5 of the following terms to define AND use in a sentence that demonstrates you understand the meaning of the term. Functional Region Perceptual Region Hemisphere Atmosphere Longitude Parallel Meridian Hydrosphere Hydrologic cycle Human Environment Interaction Water Water Bodies of water-without fresh and salt water, life would be impossible. Oceans-71% of planet Currents are rivers flowing through oceans. Tides-created by gravity. Wind and ocean movement distribute heat of the earth. Water Rivers/lakes/streams hold 95% of the earth’s freshwater Lake Baikal (Siberia)-deepest lake in the world. Holds 18% of worlds freshwater. Great Lakes 21% of the worlds freshwater. Groundwater Water table rises and falls depending on precipitation. Hydrologic Cycle Water cycle MAP TEST STUDY GUIDE Rio Grande St. Lawrence River Great Lakes Mississippi River Nile River Amazon River Tigris and Euphrates Yellow River Gulf of Mexico Bay of Bengal Ganges River 5 oceans Arctic Atlantic Pacific Indian Southern North Sea Sahara Desert 7 continents Formal Regions Alps Mountains Andes Mountains Rocky Mountains Ural Mountains Appalachian Mountains Finish your mapping assignment. If you finished on Friday, turn it in and make sure you’ve written questions and summaries for all your notes from last week. When you finish, write your questions and your summaries in your Cornell Notes from last week. Then, define the green terms written on the side white board. Define each term, use in a sentence, and draw a picture or symbol DO NOT PACK UP EARLY! EVERYONE HAS SOMETHING TO DO! Remembering 9/11 Answer this question in your notebook: What, if anything, do you remember about that day? I know you were young. Do your best. Just do what it says!!! http://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=-xkTEE19BU&feature=rel ated FBI Exhibit at the Newseum in Washington D.C. FBI Exhibit at Newseum in D.C. FBI Exhibit FBI Exhibit Landforms Landforms- Use a Brace Map to Show the break down Landforms affect climate, where people live and construction. Landforms are the natural features of the earth’s surface. Continents-division of earth’s surface into 7 large landmasses. There are 4 major types of landforms-mountains, hills, plateaus and plains Primary landforms Primary landformsoriginally created landforms Secondary Landforms Occur due to erosion of a primary landform. Landforms Relief-the difference in elevation between the highest and lowest point. Topography-landform distribution within a region Oceanic landforms Found in oceans Continental shelf, midAtlantic ridge, volcanoes, valleys, canyons and plains Landform Ural Mountains in Russia Cotahuasi Canyon of Peru Table Mountain Mesa in Capetown, South Africa Arenal Volcano Costa Rica Swamp Louisiana BAV Term Symbol/picture your definition use The term in a sentence nental Relief highest point Lowest point Tectonic Plate Fault When plates meet, they cause cracking of the rock. Plates move past each other at the fault lines. Earthquake Plates grind and slip past one another causing the earth to shake and tremble on the surface. seismograph “The goal of a seismograph is to accurately record the motion of the ground during a quake. If you live in a city, you may have noticed that buildings sometimes shake when a big truck or a subway train rolls by. Good seismographs are therefore isolated and connected to bedrock to prevent this sort of ‘data pollution.’”http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/earth/geophysics/question142.htm topography the configuration of a surface including its relief and the position of its natural and manmade features http://www.iris.edu/seismon/ INTERNAL FORCES AT WORK Warm-Up Describe the types of plate movement. The Surface of the earth is always changing Internal and surface forces cause change Plates Rigid moving sections of the earth’s crust. Move slightly each year Volcanic and fault activity along boundaries Plates move in one of 4 ways Divergent boundary-move apart. Example: Red Sea getting wider Convergent-dive under each other. Example: Japan Collisional-crash into one another. Example: Indian subcontinent crashing into Asia Transformation-Slide past each other. Example: San Andreas Fault Changes to the earth Folds-bends in layers of rock Faults-breaks in layers of rock The hardness of the rock determines whether it will fold or fault. Mid-oceanic Ridge World’s largest and longest mountain chain under water. Volcanoes-cracks in the earth’s crust. When they reach the surface, islands are formed. Ring of Fire-intense earthquake, volcano activity along Pacific rim. Earthquakes Occur along fault movement Seismograph/Richter Scale-measure strength of earthquakes 1946 Alaska Earthquake caused a tsunami that killed 149 in Hilo, Hawaii Epicenter-focus, where earthquake begins Mt. St. Helen’s video. Tsunami’s Giant wave caused by an undersea earthquake Japan tsunami-2011, CBS footage Tsunami Read and annotate article 1. 2. 3. 4. Number paragraphs Circle any key words Underline interesting facts or claims of the author Choose at least 5 pieces of text for each article that (for a total of 10) you underlined to respond to. Make a t-chart on your sheet of paper. Put text in left box and respond to text in the right box. Responses include questioning, commenting, relating to, etc. Get out your article. Write 2 questions you have about each article. (2 per article for a total of 4) These are questions you will present to the class. Students who were absent Last FRIDAY: Monday is the last day to turn in the Pearl Mapping Challenge or it will remain a 0 in the gradebook!!! Warm-Up Come If in and sit down quietly! you are all SILENT when the bell rings, you may study SILENTLY for 5 minutes before the test starts. MAP TEST DIRECTIONS!! READ CAREFULLY Get out a sheet of notebook paper. Write your first AND last name on the top right hand corner. Write your class period under your name. Title your paper “Map Test # 1” Number your paper 1-35 Write the LETTER of the correct answer for each # DO NOT WRITE ON THE TEST! THEY ARE A CLASS SET! STAY SILENT during the test. ANY COMMUNICATION WHATSOEVER will result in you receiving a ZERO!!!!!!! EXTERNAL FORCES http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uZfRaWAtBVg 1. What is the Declaration of Independence? FREEDOM WEEK Read Pg. 42-45- As you read take notes using a bubble map- you have 25 minutes before we discuss 1. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CHEMICAL AND MECHANICAL WEATHERING? 2. WHAT TYPE OF SECONDARY LANDFORMS CAN EXTERNAL FORCES CREATE? Weathering Creates sediment Chemical-results when water dissolves some of the chemicals in the rocks causing them to disintegrate Mechanical or physical-process that breaks rocks into pieces. Does not change composition of the rocks Erosion Wearing away of the Earth’s surface. Occurs by means of wind, flowing water, glaciers and gravity Wind Movement of dust, sand and soil. Example loess-deposits of windblown silt and clay sediment. Dust storm Water Water-as water flows downstream it cuts into the land, wearing away the rock and soil. Example-deltas Glaciers Two types Sheet-large sheets of ice, a blanket of ice Mountain-rivers of ice, erosion occurs as the move Glaciation-the changing of landforms slowly by moving glaciers. Moraine-rocks left behind by a melting glacier that create a ridge or hill Soil –what you call dirt 1. 2. Weathering and erosion help to create soil Humus-organic material in the soil Texture, humus, air and water in soil contribute to the fertility of the soil. Soil factors Parent material-rocks Relief-steep slops do not produce soil quickly Organisms-plant and animal matter in soil Climate-hot/cold, wet/dry Time-2.5 cubic centimeters produced per century Warm-Up ANSWER IN YOUR NOTEBOOK! Why is it important to celebrate freedom week? Soils and Vegetation Ecosystem-an interdependent community of plants and animals Biome-an ecosystem within a region Get an orange book. Use pg 99-100 to complete the following chart. Biome Name Vegetation Draw a small What types of pic to represent plants, trees, etc.? this biome. What’s it like? High Latitude (near poles), low latitude (near equator), or middle latitudes (in between)? Example of a country (NOT THE US) that has this biome. Climate zones Tropical zone-warm all year long Temperate zone-4 distinct seasons Polar zone-cold all year long. Biomes of the World Map World Biomes Forestlands-Deciduousoak, maple Rainforest-thick lush vegetation-teak, mahogany Coniferous-pine trees Grasslands Savanna-treeless plains. Steppe-temperate grasslands in South America know as Pampas Desert Cacti, sagebrush, plants that can live with limited water. Tundra Mosses, lichens, little plant life Warm-Up- get out your notebook! Sit quietly We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever any government becomes destructive of these ends it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to institute new government…” -Thomas Jefferson, July 4, 1776 Things to know! GPS- Global Positioning system. Uses lat and long to determine location, create routes, etc. International Date Line= 180˚ Longitude which separates 2 consecutive calendar days GIS- Geographic Information Systems is a database with geographic data used for many purposes. Ex: Google Earth Landsat- series of satellites in space used to photograph parts of the earth. Can track weather Contiguous- the 48 touching states. Human Impact Explain how where people live affects how they exist (live) and their impact on the environment. Use what you’ve learned in class to thoroughly answer this question. You have 5 minutes to write.