Anatomy and Physiology L3

Anatomy and Physiology L3
Mid-term review
The purpose of this review sheet is to guide you in some main topic to study. This
DOES NOT mean that ALL terms or information we discussed in class are included on
your outline. Multiple choice section is 50 questions. Open-ended is 5 questions
requiring the highest level of application of material to create/defend comments and
1.Chapter 1
Topics to be familiar with:
 Be able to define and explain the relationship between anatomy and
 Describe the location and contents of the major body cavities
 Name the major organ systems and be able to list the organs associated
with them
 Know the names and functions of the medical specialists (doctors)
 Know the common list of diseases/disorders and what specialist to see
 Be able to describe the general functions of each body system (in book)
 Properly use the directional terms relative to body positioning, body
sections, and body regions (body cavities as well)
 Diagnostic testing such as x-rays, CT scan, MRI, ultrasound
1. Understand the negative feedback mechanism involving glucagon
(catabolic), glucose, glycogen, and insulin (anabolic)
2. Beta and alpha cells- what is the issue resulting in type I diabetes and
type II diabetes
3. Side effects that can result from diabetes
4. Ways to prevent or lessen effects of diabetes
5. Treatments for Type I and Type II diabetes
Be familiar with basic trends of different forms of cancer discussed in
 Be familiar with anatomy of cancers as well as associated terms
 Explain needs for prevention and associated risk factors, treatments
● Definition of cancer and related terms
 Be able to discuss cancer and the effects it has on various parts of the
body. Be sure to discuss how cancer spreads throughout the body
4.Chapter 4 Tissues
Define what a tissue is and describe the level in organization of the human
Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue
5.Chapter 6
Name the types of epithelial tissue and identify an organ in which each is
Describe the general types of connective tissue
Describe the major cell types and fiber of the connective tissue
Distinguish between the three major types of muscle tissue
Describe the general characteristics and functions of nerve tissue
Be able to identify histology diagrams/slides (there are only a couple on
Describe the structure of the various layers of the skin
List the general function of each of these skin layers
Summarize the factors that determine skin color
Describe the accessory organs associated with the skin (glands,
melanocytes, etc. FYI- be able to locate and recognize melanocyte
Explain the function of each accessory organ
Explain how skin functions to regulate body temperature
Be able to explain how the integumentary system maintains homeostasis
Be able to describe several disorders and diseases associated with the skin,
specifically, but not limited to burns
6.Skeletal System:
Long Bone: following terms/ their meanings/ locations: epiphyseal line/plate, osteoclasts,
osteoblasts, osteocytes, trabeculae, articular cartilage, calcium, lacunae, spongy bone,
chondrocytes, diaphysis, epiphysis, periosteum, yellow marrow, red marrow, compact
 Osteoporosis
 Bone remodeling
These are just a FEW suggestions to help you review for the midterm. Test will be 50
multiple choice questions and five essay questions
Diabetes ( FYI-look over the overall picture)
Homeostasis (involving temperature)
Read an article and use details to support an argument
Social issues such as moral/ethical/professionalism/personal choices in life/and pull
support from Dr. Oz /Hopkins/Boston Medical)