Reproductive Systems Do Now. . . • Take out your Pre-Test so we can fix our errors Male Reproductive System • 2 Main functions of the reproductive system: ▫ Produce and store sperm Puberty in Males Between the ages of 12-15 males reproductive system matures. Male reproductive hormone, Testosterone ◦ Testosterone will indicate physical changes Broadening shoulders Deepening voice Body/facial hair Production of SPERM External Reproductive Organs • Testes: two small glands that secrete testosterone and produce sperm Sperm The male reproductive cell Men can not run out of sperm It begins to produced when a boy hits puberty External Reproductive Organs • Scrotum: Sack that holds the testes • Penis: Tube shaped organ that extends from the trunk of the body above the testes. Internal Reproductive Organs • Urethra: carries fluids out of the body. • Epididymis: Hold mature sperm • Vas Deferens: Tube that carries the sperm from the epididymis to the penis. Internal Reproductive Organs • Seminal Vesicle: Located in the pelvis region, secretion of fluids that later form the semen. • Cowper’s Gland: two small glands located near the bladder, produces clear fluid Testicular Cancer • Can affect males of any age, but occurs most often in males between 14-40 • Treatable with surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy. Prostate Cancer • Cancer of the prostate • Most common cancer among men • Over 2 Million men consider themselves cancer survivors! Female Reproductive System Female Reproductive System • Functions: ▫ producing sex hormones and storing eggs. Puberty • Hormones: Estrogen and Progesterone ▫ Indicated physical changes in the body Hips broaden Sliming of the waist Breast develop Hair Menstruation Ovulation Internal Female Organs • Vagina: The passageway from the uterus to the outside of the body. Its is also called the birth canal • Cervix: Lower portion of uterus • Urethra: Tube that contains urine and is connected to the bladder Internal Female Organs • Fallopian Tubes: a pair of tubes with fingerlike projections that draw in the ovum. • Fimbria: soft tissue around the fallopian Tube (finger like projections) Internal Reproductive Organs • Egg cells: produced and stored in the ovaries • Ovaries: female sex gland that stores and produces ova (egg) and produce female sex hormones. • Ovum: a mature egg Internal • Uterus: hollow, muscular, pear shaped organ that nourishes and protects a fertilized ovum until birth. • Uterine Lining: outer lining of the uterus, shed during menstruation. Menstruation • 28 day cycle During Menstruation • Days 1-5 ▫ Menstruation occurs and lining of the uterus leaves the body After Menstruation • Days 6-15 ▫ Uterus is working to repair itself, preparing for a fertilized egg. ▫ Days 13-15 egg is released from an ovary. Ovulation: the process of releasing a mature ovum into the fallopian tube each month. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nLmg4wSHdxQ Before Menstruation • Days 16-28 ▫ Blood vessels in the wall of the uterus shrink and break down, preparing for menstruation ▫ If egg is fertilized during ovulation the egg will embed itself into the wall of the uterus. Menstrual Cramps • Occur at the beginning of period or when ovulating ▫ Treat: applying heating pad to abs, exercise, O-TC.