Week 2

W.Euro People
Louis XIV
James, Charles, Charles, James
Henry VIII
Wlm & Mary
Philip II
Liz I
W.Euro Terms
Edict of Nantes  Revocation
Absolutism  Divine right
Spanish Armada
English CW
Palace of Versailles
War of Spanish Succession  Treaty of Uchrecht
South Sea Bubble
Glorious Revolution
Social Contract
Estates General
Bank of Amsterdam
E.Euro People & Terms
Pragmatic Sanction
Diplomatic Revolution (1756)
Partition of Poland
Westernization  Great Embassy
Germanic Liberities
Polish Diet
War of Austrian Succession
St. Petersburg
7 Years’ War
Enlightened Despotism
Potemkin Villages
Ivan Terrible
Peter the Great
Catherine the Great
Hollenzolerhin (Fredericks)
Compare/contrast the transformations of E & W Euro
List of important Sci Rev people; then list of accomplishments & terms
 Match them up!
Enlightenment terms & people
Locke (Hobbes)
Adam Smith
De Gouges
Natural law
Social contract
Enlightened despot
Both Jean-Baptiste Colbert (1619-1683) and Adam Smith (1723-1790) sought to increase the
wealth of their respective countries. How did their recommendations differ?
Trace the development of the English Parliament during the 17th century.
Can an absolute monarchy coexist with laissez-faire capitalism or is mercantilism a necessary
economic expression of absolutism?
Compare and contrast two theories of government introduced in the period from 1640-1780.
Machiavelli suggested that a ruler should behave both “like a lion” and “like a fox.” Analyze the
policies of TWO of the following European rulers, indicating the degree to which they
successfully followed Machiavelli’s suggestion.
Elizabeth I of England Henry IV of France
Catherine the Great of Russia Frederick II of Prussia
In what ways and to what extent did absolutism affect the power and status of the European
nobility in the period 1650-1750? Use examples from at least TWO countries.
Analyze the development of absolutism in France.
Between 1450 and 1800, many women gained power as rulers, some as reigning queens, others
as regents. Identify two such powerful women and discuss how issues of gender, such as
marriage and reproduction, influenced their ability to obtain and exercise power.
Explain the development of the scientific method in the scientific method in the 17
century and the impact of scientific thinking on traditional sources of authority.
In what ways did the expansion of the natural sciences during the Age of
Enlightenment affect the intellectual and political culture of the period.
To what extent could the Enlightenment be viewed as a Second Renaissance?
To what extent did the Enlightenment express optimistic ideas in 18th century
Europe? Illustrate your answer with references to specific individuals and their
WEEK 2 Evening Review Test
1. d 2. b 3. a 4. a/d 5. b 6. a 7. b
8. c Charles II was the last of the Spanish Habsburg dynasty, physically disabled, mentally retarded and disfigured (possibly through affliction with mandibular
prognathism — he was unable to chew). His tongue was so large that his speech could barely be understood, and he frequently drooled. He may also have
suffered from the bone disease acromegaly. He was treated as virtually an infant in arms until he was ten years old. Fearing the frail child would be overtaxed,
he was left entirely uneducated, and his indolence was indulged to such an extent that he was not even expected to be clean. When his half-brother John of
Austria the Younger, a natural son of Philip IV, obtained power by exiling the queen mother from court, he insisted that at least the king's hair should be
combed. The years of Charles II were agonizing for Spain. The economy was stagnant, there was hunger in the land, and the power of the monarchy over
the various Spanish provinces was extremely weak. Charles' unfitness for rule meant he was often ignored and power during his reign became the subject of
court intrigues and foreign, particularly French, influence. As the American historians Will and Ariel Durant put it, Charles II was "short, lame, epileptic,
senile, and completely bald before thirty-five, he was always on the verge of death, but repeatedly baffled Christendom by continuing to live
9. b 10. c (Ivan 1462-1505)
11. d Sejms severely limited the king's powers. They had the final decision in legislation, taxation, budget, and treasury matters (including military funding),
foreign affairs and ennoblement. Until the end of 16th century, unanimity was not required and majority voting was most common. Later, with the rise of the
magnates power, unanimity principle was reinforced with the szlachta right of liberum veto (from Latin, meaning: I freely forbid). If the deputies could not
attain unanimity, then after six weeks (the upper time limit of its sittings) had elapsed, the deliberations as a whole were declared null and void. From the
mid-17th century onwards, any objection to a Sejm resolution from either a deputy or a senator automatically caused other, previously approved resolutions
to be rejected.
12. a 13. b 14. c 15. a 16. b/c/d 17. d 18. a 19. b 20. a 21. d 22. a 23. c 24. b 25. c 26. c 27. c 28. c; a-Copernicus; b- Andreas
Vesalius; d-made up 29. a INDUCTIVE
30. d Blaise Pascal (pronounced [blɛz paskal]), (June 19, 1623 – August 19, 1662) was a French mathematician, physicist, and religious philosopher. He was a
child prodigy who was educated by his father. Pascal's earliest work was in the natural and applied sciences where he made important contributions to the
construction of mechanical calculators, the study of fluids, and clarified the concepts of pressure and vacuum by generalizing the work of Evangelista
Torricelli. Pascal also wrote in defense of the scientific method.
Pascal was a mathematician of the first order. He helped create two major new areas of
research. He wrote a significant treatise on the subject of projective geometry at the age of sixteen, and later corresponded with Pierre de Fermat on
probability theory, strongly influencing the development of modern economics and social science. Following a mystical experience in late 1654, he
abandoned his scientific work and devoted himself to philosophy and theology.
31. a 32. b 33. a 34. a
35. a Deism is a religious philosophy and movement that derives the existence and nature of God from reason and personal experience.
36. d 37. c; a-not Rousseau (Condorcet); b- education; d-moral inequality
38. a- most famous for being one of the first self-described atheists in Europe 39. a 40. c
41. a 42. d 43. c
44. b 45. c 46. b 47. d 48. d 49. a 50. b 51. d 52. d 53. c 54. b
55. c The Diplomatic Revolution of 1756 is a term applied to the reversal of longstanding diplomatic alliances which were upheld until the War of Austrian
Succession and then reversed in the Seven Years' War. The essence of the revolution may be thus summarized: France and Prussia versus Great Britain and
Austria became France and Austria versus Great Britain and Prussia.
56. a 57. c 58.
Bad Question 59. c 60. b (not d b/c NOT gov’t reforms)