United States History Unit 4 Study Guide: Civil War and Reconstruction Define/Importance: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Popular sovereigntyAbraham LincolnGettysburg Address13th Amendment14th Amendment15th AmendmentFreedman’s BureauSharecroppingBlack codesJim Crow- Discussion Questions: 11. Explain the Nullification Crisis. What was it about? Who was involved? 12. John Brown believed that slavery should be abolished by violent means, if necessary. Provide an example of Brown’s actions that supports this claim. 13. Why was the election of 1860 significant? 14. What was Lincoln’s main goal when the Civil War began? 15. Describe the Anaconda Plan. 16. Provide examples of how Lincoln used his “emergency powers” during the Civil War. 17. Explain the significance of the battle of Vicksburg. 18. Explain the significance of the battle of Antietam. 19. Explain the significance of the battle of Gettysburg. 20. Describe Grant and Sherman’s strategy of total war. 21. What occurred at Appomattox? 22. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do? 23. What was the impact of the Emancipation Proclamation? 24. What was Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction? 25. In one word, describe Lincoln and Johnson’s plan for Reconstruction. 26. How did sharecropping work? Who mainly became sharecroppers? 27. What did President Andrew Johnson do to show he did not support rights for former slaves? 28. Describe the impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson. 29. What compromise was reached to end Reconstruction?