Study Guide # 9 CURRENT Topic LAST UNIT NEXT UNIT CURRENT UNIT Genetics Protein Synthesis Basic Mendelian Genetics Pg. 263 - 266 Taxonomy & Evolution Population Genetics I will be able to predict the genotype and phenotype of an organism knowing the traits of the parents. Pg. 397 - 402 Probability and Punnett Squares Non-Mendelian genetics Pg. 267-269 Pg. 270 - 274 Biotechnology and genetic engineering Pg. 322, 323, 331 - 333 Vocabulary List Genetics Homozygous Polygenic trait Directional selection Section Assessments Trait Heterozygous Genetic engineering Stabilizing Selection 11-1 Q# 1 & 3 Gene Phenotype Gel electrophoresis Disruptive Selection 11-2 Q# 2-4 Allele Genotype Transgenic Selection pressure 11-3 Q# 3 Gamete Incomplete Dominance Clone Genetic drift 13-2 Q#2&3 Probability Codominance Gene pool Founder effect 13-4 Q# 2&3 Punnett Square Multiple Alleles Relative frequency Speciation 16 -2 Q# 1-3 Things you need to know for the test 1. Distinguish between genes and alleles. 2. Be able to correctly set up and interpret a Punnett Square using a word problem: If a homozygous tall pea plant is crossed with a homozygous short pea plant, what is the genotypic and phenotypic ratio? 3. Distinguish between genotype and phenotype. 4. Understand the difference between complete dominance, incomplete dominance and co dominance. Give an example of each and solve Punnett Squares for each. 5. What do scientists use electrophoresis for in the study of DNA? 6. What is a transgenic organism? How have transgenic organisms been useful? 7. What is a clone? 8. What is selection pressure? Give an example. 9. What is relative frequency? Give an example. 10.List the types of isolation that cause speciation. 11.Describe speciation. 12.What is a bell curve? 13.Draw each type of selection bell curve. 14.Be able to tell what type of selection is happening in word problems.