Nonverbal Communication Better at communicating feelings and attitudes More convincing than verbal messages. We can communicate without saying anything! Kinesics Body Movement Adapter: tension reliever like fixing hair, touching nose Emblems: gestures that mean something. Pointing Vocalics Tone of voice Often carries more meaning than the actual words. Proxemics Space and Distance Cultural Emotion or mood How well we know someone Territory and Environment • Use of space and objects to indicate ownership • Invasion: intruding into someone’s territory. • Contamination: tagging, graffiti, leaving trash. Haptics • • • • Professional Touch: Doctor touches patient. Social/Polite touch: Fist bump, hand shake Friendship: kiss, bro hug Love/Intimacy: highly personal Appearance • What is soma typing? • Classifying people according to body type • What is Halo Effect? • Physical Attractiveness Stereotype • Beautiful = Good What are artifacts? Facial Expression • • • • • • • What are the six universal facial expressions? Anger Happiness Surprise Sadness Disgust Fear • Who is better at reading someone’s facial expression? Men or women? What is masking? • Hiding an expression of emotion and replacing it with a more appropriate expression. Triangle of Meaning Thought (meaning) ASL for Water Symbol Water Referent (stands for) Triangle of Meaning Thought (meaning) Cat Symbol Referent Denotation: The dictionary definition of a word. Connotation: Emotional meaning based on personal experience and feelings. Triangle of Meaning Thought (meaning) Teacher Symbol Referent Bypassing: Two people have different referents for the same word but they think they are thinking alike. • Words and symbols are arbitrary, ambiguous, and abstract. • Arbitrary: • for no reason, random • Ambiguous: • Confusing • Abstract: • Difficult to understand, not concrete Meaning is in the person, not the word! • Social Constructionism: Humans make sense of their world. They make meaning and create their world. • Language shapes our relationships. • Language allows humans to think hypothetically. We can imagine, reflect and plan for the future. • Language allows us to name things.