What is artifactual communication? Triangle of Meaning Thought (meaning) ASL for Water Symbol Water Referent (stands for) Triangle of Meaning Thought (meaning) Cat Symbol Referent Denotation: The dictionary definition of a word. Connotation: Emotional meaning based on personal experience and feelings. Triangle of Meaning Thought (meaning) Teacher Symbol Referent Bypassing: Two people have different referents for the same word but they think they are thinking alike. • Words and symbols are arbitrary, ambiguous, and abstract. • Arbitrary: • for no reason, random • Ambiguous: • Confusing • Abstract: • Difficult to understand, not concrete Meaning is in the person, not the word! • Social Constructionism: Humans make sense of their world. They make meaning and create their world. • Language shapes our relationships. • Language allows humans to think hypothetically. We can imagine, reflect and plan for the future. • Language allows us to name things.