• The study of how people over time have interacted with each other and their environment.
• In social studies, we have “five strands” of social studies. A strand is an area of study.
• They are…
Continents, oceans, and landforms
Political features: countries & cities
Climate: weather over a period of time
• The study of people, places and the environment
Food, Dress, &
• The beliefs, customs, laws, art, and ways of living of a group of people.
Events that changed the way people live today
People who changed society
We learn history from 2 sources:
• Primary source: document, person, or object from the actual time
• Secondary source: document, person, or object that interprets or analyzes primary sources
• A record of the past
Type of government
Structure of the government
• The people and groups within a society that have the authority to make laws, to make sure they carried out, and to settle disagreements about them.
Trade barriers, money, exchange rates
Economic systems: traditional, market, command, and mixed
• The study of how people manage their scarce (limited) resources by producing, exchanging, and using goods and services.
• How does where you live affect how you live?
• How does the physical geography and climate affect how people live, work, and travel?
• What are the physical and political features of a region?
• How have humans changed the environment?
• How does cultural diffusion change the region in which you live?
• What is the belief system of the people and how does it affect the region?
• How does language affect the region?
• How does local culture affect the traditions of the region?
• How does the past shape the present?
• How have people and events changed society?
• How have influences of other, more powerful countries, affected countries today?
• What factors caused European countries to colonize the world?
• How does citizen satisfaction impact the government?
• How much can a citizen participate in their government?
• Who has the power to make laws and policies for a nation?
• How many levels does the government have? (national, regional, and local)
• What factors influence a country’s standard of living?
• Who decides what, how, and for whom things are made? (gov’t, people, traditions)
• What is the role of entrepreneurs in the economy?
• How does free and restricted trade affect countries?