BENJAMIN FRANKLIN (Unit 2: Developing a New Nation) THE SCIENTIST • Discovered Electricity • Invented Bifocal glasses • Improved the odometer • Franklin stove (produced more heat and less smoke) • MANY OTHERS THE WRITER Poor Richard’s Almanack- published every year 1733-1753 • weather forecasts • practical household hints, • puzzles • popular for its extensive use of wordplay, and some of the witty phrases “God helps them who help themselves” THE WRITER Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin • Published after his death • Four Parts 1. To his son, William 2. Letters in Paris 3. Return to Philadelphia 4. His last 6 months THE POLITICIAN The Albany Plan of Union • A plan to unite the colonies • Council of representatives • Power over the western settlements and Native American relations • Organize ARMIES • COLLECT TAXES (to pay for the armies) • The colonial assemblies REJECTED it because they wanted to control their own taxes and armies THE POLITICIAN Created by Franklin in 1754 and published in his newspaper, the Philadelphia Gazette. A plea for unity in defending the colonies during the French and Indian War. FREEDOM OF THE PRESS • The right of journalist to publish the truth without restriction or penalty John Peter Zenger • Publisher of the new York Weekly Journal • Arrested for printing a series of articles that criticized the governor • Charged with LIBEL (the publishing of statements that damage a person’s reputation FREEDOM OF THE PRESS John Peter Zenger trial • Wrote about the governor • Everything was FACTS • At the time, under American law, libel meant UNTRUE statements • A JURY FOUND HIM NOT GUILTY Significance= press has a right and responsibility to keep the public informed of the truth ASSIGNMENT • Read “How I Became a Printer” by Benjamin Franklin on page 124-125 • Analyze Literature: Write a letter to the New England Courant expressing your opinion about the fairness of unfairness of being made an apprentice at the age of 12.