Pick up note outlines in back. Write this Website in your planners: • www.million-socialstudiesed.wikispaces.com Chapter 10 Friday: Section 1- Why imperialism and why at this time? Monday: NO SCHOOL Tuesday: Section 2- “The Spanish American War” Wednesday: Quiz -- Continue section 2, start section 3. Thursday: Section 3- Results of the Spanish American War (“Acquiring new Lands” – The Debate on Imperialism) Friday: Work Day Monday: Quiz --Section 4- “America as a World Power” (Now what?) Review/Practice Essays Tuesday: Conclusion– Then and Now… So what do you think? – Review/Practice Essays Wednesday: Test A swing away from traditional beliefs. • Women entering the workforce Culture of U.S. • • • • Change in Music--- Rise of Pop-Culture and Consumerism Segregation- Discrimination Immigration Agricultural society to an Industrial society Urbanization Progressivism • Labor Union Unrest • Women’s Rights • NAACP- African American Rights 24.Grover Cleveland 1893-1897 25. William McKinley 1897-1901 26. Theodore Roosevelt 1901-1909 27.William Howard Taft1909-1913 28.Woodraw Wilson 1913-1921 What is Imperialism? What are the reasons the United States partook in Imperialism and gaining an Empire Abroad? What are three examples of early US expansion and from who was the land gained from? How does imperialism during this time period effect relationships with other nations today? Imperialism- when a stronger nation rules politically, economically or militarily over a weaker nation or territory; most commonly done by force. Examples: Britain in North America, Spain in Latin America, Many European countries in Africa, United States in The Philippines AKA- Colonialism (Especially in the earlier years– When Britain settled the Americas for example) This map represents Africa in the late 1890s. It represents the colonial lines drawn up by the European nations. Lines were not drawn based on tribal differences, instead lines were randomly made up. BBC Article- Fiji suspended from Commonwealth: The Commonwealth has fully suspended Fiji after it refused to bow to demands to call elections by next year. • http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8231717.stm DQs 1. What is the Commonwealth? 2. Why is Fiji being suspended from The Commonwealth and what does that mean for Fiji? 3. In what way is the action of suspension symbolic? 4. Who is the leader of Fiji, what does he need more time for and why? 5. How does Britain continue to influence it’s former colonies, dependences and other territories? Issue of Puerto Rico becoming a state. Issue of Puerto Rico Citizenship and voting rights. “Puerto Rico is subject to congressional jurisdiction under the Territorial Clause of the U.S. Constitution. Over the past century, Congress passed legislation governing Puerto Rico’s relationship with the United States. For example, residents of Puerto Rico hold U.S. citizenship, serve in the military, are subject to federal laws, and are represented in the House of Representatives by a Resident Commissioner elected to a four-year term. Although residents participate in the presidential nominating process, they do not vote in the general election. Puerto Ricans pay federal tax on income derived from sources in the United States, but they pay no federal tax on income earned in Puerto Rico. In the 111th Congress, the Resident Commissioner may vote in legislative committees and in the Committee of the Whole.” Source: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL32933.pdf 1. Economic Woes a) b) c) 2. 3. The U.S. was suffering from a depression. TRADE-- Thirst for new markets overseas for surplus products --Under consumption– (Farmers had too much grain and not enough consumers) Labor unrest- class warfare– strikes– movement towards change Nationalism– Pride, belief in superiority of ones own country and culture Desire to stand out amongst other world powers– have great military strength Bottom Line--- Keep up with the rest of the world economically and to establish its power on the world stage = Capitalism and Nationalism Economics--$$$-- fuel the capitalist system • Under consumption --surplus goods in the U.S.– industry and farming Surplus= access of goods, producing more than you can consume • Kansan Jerry Simpson– wanted overseas markets for goods produced in Kansas, but did not think violence was necessary to have markets overseas. Believes: His country has the backing of God and is the best Country compared to all others Loves his Country Sees no wrong with what their country has done, no matter what it does. Does not criticize the country’s government China: • Cultural Revolution of 1960s • Nationalism in China today. Educational System that teaches students to have extremely nationalistic beliefs. Government control over peoples lives in other ways. Internet, freedom of speech, government owned television. If you lack the inability to question your government, then you lack the inability to make rational decisions. You CAN question your government, which is patriotic. Nationalism can be scary… Nationalism– one of the causes of WWI Doing something to make America better Loving your country, but acknowledge that may not be the best in everyway. A person that is willing to acknowledge their country’s faults, but is also willing to work towards a better country and fixing its faults. Being able to see both sides of an issue. Keep the Nationalism v. Patriotism issue in mind when reading your homework about the Imperialist debate. it Alfred T. Mahan Said– “The countries with the biggest navies will inherit the earth.” (Zinn pg 298). Expansionist Deluxe Influenced Teddy and other important political leaders. How did the country react to Mahan’s persuasion to increase the naval forces? • U.S. was transformed into the worlds 3rd largest naval power. • They listened to him. Manifest Destiny-Early 1800s Westward expansion Louisiana Purchase 1804 Between 1798-1895 the US intervened in the affairs of other countries 103 times. Example: “Opening of Japan” and the Perry Expedition– Use of Warships to force Japan to open its ports to the US. – (Zinn p 298) When: 1867 Why: In order to have a boundary between North America and Russia. Bought for $7.2 Million William Seward had to convince congress to pass the treaty to purchase Alaska from Russia. Why did time prove that the purchase of Alaska was a good move for the United States? • Rich in Natural Resources! “Hawaii for Hawaiians” agenda Wanted to remove the land ownership requirements for voting. Plantation owners begin to outnumber the native Hawaiians and prosper as sugar farmers. The U.S. and Hawaii have a close economical relationship U.S. allows sugar to be important Duty (tax) Free Sanford B. Dole- plantation owner in Hawaii • U.S. Marines Overthrows the queen • Ask for U.S. to annex Hawaii • President Cleveland refuses 1820s missionaries go to Hawaii Naval base– Pearl Harbor built in 1887, under the pressure from the U.S. government. 1889- Hawaii became a U.S. territory– Under McKinley’s “I, Liliuokalani, … do hereby solemnly protest against any and all acts done against myself and the constitutional government of the Hawaiian Kingdom…Now, to avoid any collision of armed forces and perhaps to the loss of life, I do under the protest.. Yield my authority until such time as the Government of the United States shall… undo the action of its representatives and reinstate me in the authority which I claim as the constitutional sovereign of the Hawaiian Islands.” Why? Duty free imports to the U.S. Changed with the McKinley Tariff= Compete for markets in the U.S. = not making as much money. Sugar plantation owners wanted the U.S. to annex Hawaii so they would not have to pay tariffs. Homework- Read Outside reading, found on Ms. Million’s website. Rd-A Cultural History of The United States, Chapter 6, pgs 87-96 Answer questions on worksheet -#1-8 Rd- Section 2- American Lives: William Randolph Hearst & answer questions.