Chapter 10

 Pick
up note outlines in back.
 Write this Website in your planners:
Chapter 10
Friday: Section 1- Why imperialism and why at
this time?
 Monday: NO SCHOOL
 Tuesday: Section 2- “The Spanish American
 Wednesday: Quiz -- Continue section 2, start
section 3.
 Thursday: Section 3- Results of the Spanish
American War (“Acquiring new Lands” – The
Debate on Imperialism)
 Friday: Work Day
 Monday: Quiz --Section 4- “America as a World
Power” (Now what?) Review/Practice Essays
 Tuesday: Conclusion– Then and Now… So what
do you think? – Review/Practice Essays
 Wednesday: Test
A swing away from traditional beliefs.
• Women entering the workforce
Culture of U.S.
Change in Music--- Rise of Pop-Culture and Consumerism
Segregation- Discrimination
Agricultural society to an Industrial society
 Urbanization
• Labor Union Unrest
• Women’s Rights
• NAACP- African American Rights
24.Grover Cleveland 1893-1897
25. William McKinley 1897-1901
26. Theodore Roosevelt 1901-1909
27.William Howard Taft1909-1913
28.Woodraw Wilson 1913-1921
 What
is Imperialism?
 What are the reasons the United States
partook in Imperialism and gaining an
Empire Abroad?
 What are three examples of early US
expansion and from who was the land
gained from?
 How does imperialism during this time
period effect relationships with other
nations today?
Imperialism- when a
stronger nation rules
economically or
militarily over a
weaker nation or
territory; most
commonly done by
Examples: Britain in
North America, Spain
in Latin America, Many
European countries in
Africa, United States in
The Philippines
 AKA- Colonialism
(Especially in the
earlier years– When
Britain settled the
Americas for example)
 This
map represents
Africa in the late
 It represents the
colonial lines drawn
up by the European
nations. Lines were
not drawn based on
tribal differences,
instead lines were
randomly made up.
BBC Article- Fiji suspended from Commonwealth: The
Commonwealth has fully suspended Fiji after it refused to
bow to demands to call elections by next year.
1. What is the Commonwealth?
2. Why is Fiji being suspended from The Commonwealth and what
does that mean for Fiji?
3. In what way is the action of suspension symbolic?
4. Who is the leader of Fiji, what does he need more time for and
5. How does Britain continue to influence it’s former colonies,
dependences and other territories?
Issue of Puerto Rico becoming a state.
Issue of Puerto Rico Citizenship and voting rights.
“Puerto Rico is subject to congressional jurisdiction under the Territorial
Clause of the U.S. Constitution. Over the past century, Congress passed
legislation governing Puerto Rico’s relationship with the United States. For
example, residents of Puerto Rico hold U.S. citizenship, serve in the military,
are subject to federal laws, and are represented in the House of
Representatives by a Resident Commissioner elected to a four-year term.
Although residents participate in the presidential nominating process, they do
not vote in the general election. Puerto Ricans pay federal tax on income
derived from sources in the United States, but they pay no federal tax on
income earned in Puerto Rico. In the 111th Congress, the Resident Commissioner
may vote in legislative committees and in the Committee of the Whole.”
Economic Woes
The U.S. was suffering from a depression.
TRADE-- Thirst for new markets overseas for surplus
products --Under consumption– (Farmers had too much grain
and not enough consumers)
Labor unrest- class warfare– strikes– movement towards
Nationalism– Pride, belief in superiority of ones
own country and culture
Desire to stand out amongst other world powers–
have great military strength
Bottom Line--- Keep up with the rest of the world
economically and to establish its power on the world
stage = Capitalism and Nationalism
 Economics--$$$--
fuel the capitalist system
• Under consumption --surplus goods in the U.S.–
industry and farming
Surplus= access of goods, producing more than you
can consume
• Kansan Jerry Simpson– wanted overseas markets for
goods produced in Kansas, but did not think
violence was necessary to have markets overseas.
 His country has the backing of God and
is the best Country compared to all
 Loves his Country
 Sees no wrong with what their country
has done, no matter what it does.
 Does not criticize the country’s
 China:
• Cultural Revolution of
• Nationalism in China
 Educational System that
teaches students to have
extremely nationalistic
 Government control over
peoples lives in other
 Internet, freedom of speech,
government owned
 If
you lack the inability to question your
government, then you lack the inability to
make rational decisions.
 You CAN question your government,
which is patriotic.
 Nationalism can be scary…
 Nationalism– one of the causes of WWI
 Doing something to make America better
 Loving your country, but acknowledge that
may not be the best in everyway. A person
that is willing to acknowledge their
country’s faults, but is also willing to work
towards a better country and fixing its
 Being able to see both sides of an issue.
 Keep
the Nationalism v. Patriotism issue in
mind when reading your homework about
the Imperialist debate.
 Alfred
T. Mahan
Said– “The
countries with the
biggest navies will
inherit the earth.”
(Zinn pg 298).
Expansionist Deluxe
Influenced Teddy and
other important political
 How
did the country
react to Mahan’s
persuasion to
increase the naval
• U.S. was transformed
into the worlds 3rd
largest naval power.
• They listened to him.
Manifest Destiny-Early
Westward expansion
Louisiana Purchase 1804
Between 1798-1895 the US
intervened in the affairs of
other countries 103 times.
Example: “Opening of Japan”
and the Perry Expedition– Use
of Warships to force Japan to
open its ports to the US. –
(Zinn p 298)
 When: 1867
 Why:
In order to have a boundary between
North America and Russia.
 Bought for $7.2 Million
 William Seward had to convince congress to
pass the treaty to purchase Alaska from Russia.
 Why did time prove that the purchase of
Alaska was a good move for the United States?
• Rich in Natural Resources!
 “Hawaii
Hawaiians” agenda
 Wanted to remove the
land ownership
requirements for
Plantation owners begin to
outnumber the native
Hawaiians and prosper as
sugar farmers.
 The U.S. and Hawaii have a
close economical
 U.S. allows sugar to be
important Duty (tax) Free
Sanford B. Dole- plantation
owner in Hawaii
• U.S. Marines Overthrows the
• Ask for U.S. to annex Hawaii
• President Cleveland refuses
1820s missionaries go to
Naval base– Pearl Harbor
built in 1887, under the
pressure from the U.S.
1889- Hawaii became a U.S.
territory– Under McKinley’s
“I, Liliuokalani, … do hereby
solemnly protest against
any and all acts done
against myself and the
constitutional government
of the Hawaiian
Kingdom…Now, to avoid
any collision of armed
forces and perhaps to the
loss of life, I do under the
protest.. Yield my authority
until such time as the
Government of the United
States shall… undo the
action of its representatives
and reinstate me in the
authority which I claim as
the constitutional sovereign
of the Hawaiian Islands.”
Duty free imports to the U.S.
Changed with the McKinley
Tariff= Compete for markets in
the U.S. = not making as much
Sugar plantation owners
wanted the U.S. to annex Hawaii
so they would not have to pay
 Homework-
Read Outside reading, found on
Ms. Million’s website.
Rd-A Cultural History of The United States, Chapter
6, pgs 87-96
Answer questions on worksheet -#1-8
Rd- Section 2- American Lives: William Randolph
Hearst & answer questions.