Unit 3A – Photosynthesis and Respiration Biology Learning Targets Chapter 4 Always know vocabulary!!! ____ 3.1 Explain the Importance of ATP as an energy source for cellular work (p. 94-96) □3.1A Describe how the structure of ATP results in it being an energy rich molecule (class notes) □3.1B Explain how energy is “released” from a molecule of ATP (p.94) □3.1C describe the ATP cycle and explain when energy is needed and released as part of this cycle (p.95) □3.1D List different molecules (not just glucose) that can be broken down to generate ATP and the relative amount of energy that can be generated from these different molecules (p95-96) ____ 3.2 Explain how photosynthesis allows for the conversion of cellular energy into chemical energy. (p. 97-106) □3.2.A Identity the reactants and products of photosynthesis and use this information to write out the chemical equation for photosynthesis (p.99 and class notes) □3.2.B Explain where photosynthesis takes place within plants and within cells and why this results in a plant being green (p. 97 and class notes) □3.2.C Describe the basic structure of a chloroplast, including the stroma, granum and thylakoid (p98) □3.2.D Describe the TWO stages of photosynthesis including the products made during each stage and where in the chloroplast each of the stages takes place (p.99, 102-106) (Please note your books goes into extensive detail on these two stages, but you are only responsible for the learning targets listed on this sheet) ____ 3.3 Explain how cellular respiration allows for the conversion of chemical energy stored in macromolecules into ATP. (p. 107-115) □3.3.A Identity the reactants and products of cellular respiration and use this information to write out the chemical equation for cellular respiration (p.109 and class notes) □3.3.B Describe the basic structure of mitochondria, including the outer membrane, inner membrane and inner mitochondrial matrix (p.108) □3.3.C Describe the THREE stages of cellular respiration including the products made during each stage and where in the cell/mitochondria each of the stages takes place (p. 107-115) (Please note your books goes into extensive detail on these three stages, but you are only responsible for the learning targets listed on this sheet) ____ 3.4 Explain how photosynthesis and respiration are related to one another (p. 109, 115) ____ 3.5 Explain the importance of anaerobic processes in energy production (p107, 116-119) □3.5.A Explain the difference between an aerobic and anaerobic process (p. 107) □3.5.B Explain the importance of fermentation in the absence of oxygen (p. 116-117) □3.5.C Contrast Lactic Acid Fermentation and Alcohol Fermentation and provides examples of when each of these occur in your every day lives (p. 117-119) Scientific Skills Learning Targets These are skills that are used repeatedly through all units and do not correspond to any one particular unit. ____ SS.1 Identify the following parts of a scientific article and explain the purpose of each section (abstract, introduction, methods and materials, results, calculations, conclusion, references) ____ SS.2 Examine data from a scientific article to learn more about biological concepts ____ SS.3 Use a database to find scientific articles about various topics. ____ SS.4 Write a scientific article about lab work with the appropriate sections and information. ____ SS.5 Use a microscope safely and appropriately in the classroom. ____ SS.6 Use a spreadsheet program (such as Excel or Google Sheets) to perform basic calculations and generate accurate representation of data in both tables and graphs.