Causes of World War I - MANIA M ilitarism – policy of building up strong military forces to prepare for war A lliances - agreements between nations to aid and protect one another N ationalism – pride in or devotion to one’s country I mperialism – when one country takes over another country economically and politically A ssassination – murder of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand Causes of World War I - MANIA M ilitarism – policy of building up strong military forces to prepare for war A N I A Causes of WWI - Militarism Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s (British pounds). 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1914 94 130 154 268 289 398 France Britain Russia Germany 1910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures 10% 13% 39% 73% Causes of World War I - MANIA M A lliances - agreements between nations to aid and protect one another N I A Causes of WWI - Alliances Triple Entente: Great Britain France Russia Triple Alliance: Germany Austria-Hungary Italy Causes of World War I - MANIA M A N ationalism – pride in or devotion to one’s country I A Causes of WWI - Nationalism Causes of WWI - Nationalism Pan-Germanism - movement to unify the people of all German speaking countries Germanic Countries Austria * Belgium Denmark Iceland Germany * Liechtenstein * Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Sweden Switzerland * United Kingdom * = German speaking country Causes of WWI - Nationalism Pan-Slavism - movement to unify all of the Slavic people Causes of WWI - Nationalism Causes of WWI - Imperialism Causes of World War I - MANIA M A N I mperialism – when one country takes over another country economically and politically A Imperialism: European conquest of Africa Causes of WWI - Imperialism The “Spark” Causes of World War I - MANIA M A N I A ssassination – murder of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand Causes of WWI - Assassination Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Duchess Sophie at Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28th, 1914. Causes of WWI - Assassination Causes of WWI - Assassination Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was killed in Bosnia by a Serbian nationalist who believed that Bosnia should belong to Serbia. Causes of WWI - Assassination Gavrilo Princip after his assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The Point of No Return: The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Austria blamed Serbia for Ferdinand’s death and declared war on Serbia. Germany pledged their support for Austria Hungary. · example of Pan-German nationalism Russia pledged their support for Serbia. · example of Pan-Slavic nationalism The Point of No Return: The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Germany declares war on Russia. France pledges their support for Russia. Germany declares war on France. Germany invades Belgium on the way to France. Great Britain supports Belgium and declares war on Germany. Now this is what you call a World War! Allied – Green - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allies_of_World_War_I Central – Orange - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Powers Review of all: http://www.the-map-as-history.com/demos/tome06/ Allied Powers: Central Powers: Germany Great Britain France Austria-Hungary World War I Russia Ottoman Empire Italy Warm-up for 03.06.12 • Use textbook pgs. 9, 20, and the atlas section to label the following features on your HW map: – – – – – – – the Fall Line Okefenokee Swamp Appalachian Mountains Chattahoochee River Savannah River barrier islands Brasstown Bald Welcome to class, and happy Wednesday people! Please take out your HW from yesterday – GA’s Geography Review #1 Handout Georgia’s Geography Review #1 KEY – American Neutrality · Officially, the U.S. was a neutral country. · However, we traded food, weapons, oil, steel, and other goods far more with the Allied Powers than with the Central Powers. · Both the Allied Powers and Central powers used propaganda in order to support their cause by making their enemies seem savage. Freedom of the Seas · The U.S., as a neutral nation, claimed the right to trade with either side in the war. · However, Britain and Germany set up blockades around the British and German coasts. · German submarines, called U-boats, torpedoed enemy ships and neutral ships trading with the enemy. A German U-boat Torpedoes a Steamer, circa 1916 · In 1915, a German submarine torpedoed the Lusitania, a British passenger ship, killing approximately 1,200 people, including 128 Americans. · Americans were infuriated with the destruction of the Lusitania. Moving Toward War Zimmermann telegram: – secret message from Germany to Mexico urging Mexico to attack the U.S. if the U.S. declared war on Germany – Germany promised to help Mexico regain land it lost to the U.S. in the Mexican War. * The U.S. declared war on the Central Powers in April 1917. (above) Zimmermann Telegram as Received by the German Ambassador to Mexico, 01/19/1917 (right) decoded words Zimmermann Telegram: Decoded Message Mexico was offered material aid in the reclamation of territory lost during the Mexican-American War, specifically the American states of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. Now this is what you call a World War! Allied – Green - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allies_of_World_War_I Central – Orange - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Powers Review of all: http://www.the-map-as-history.com/demos/tome06/ GA’s Role in WWI • Between 85,000 to 100,000 Georgians joined the US armed forces. • Many soldiers around the SE came to GA for training at one of our many training facilities: 1.) Camp Benning, 2.) Fort McPherson, 3.) and Camp Gordon. • GA also housed German prisoners of war at Fort Oglethorpe. • Georgians on the home-front created uniforms, grew additional food (“liberty gardens”), sold war bonds, and worked for the Red Cross. • GA railroads played a key role in transporting arms, ammunition, and soldiers to GA ports for sail to Europe. • Over 3,000 Georgians gave their lives to this war. – 100,000+ American servicemen died in total.