Medical Terminology 2 Quiz 1

Medical Terminology 2 Quiz #1
Abnormally Swollen leg veins: Varicose veins
Severe episodes of spasmodic choking or suffocating chest pain are known as: angina pectoris
A procedure in which a catheter is passed into a vein or artery and guided into the heart:
cardiac catheterization
A blood clot forms within a blood vessel: thrombus
Inflammation in several arteries: polyarteritis
Inflammation of a vein: phlebitis
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pericardial sac: pericardiocentesis
Sudden contraction of a blood vessel: vasospasm, vasoconstriction, angiospasm
Benign tumor made of newly formed blood vessels: hemangioma
Malignancy, progressive increase in the number of abnormal leukocytes: leukemia
Aplastic anemia: absence of all formed blood elements
Hemolytic Anemia: Red blood cells are destroyed too rapidly
Pernicious anemia: Inability to absorb vitamin B12
Sickle cell anemia: red blood cells have an abnormal sickle shape
Thalessemia: red blood cells lack the normal ability to produce hemoglobin
Raynauds phenomenon consists of intermittent attacks of paleness, blue color and redness of
the fingers and toes
Systolic pressure is the HIGHEST pressure against the walls of the blood vessels
High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) is known as good cholesterol
Thrombocytes are also known as platelets
Blood gases include oxygen, carbon dioxide and nitrogen
Inner layer of the heart: endocardium
Medication that is a clot dissolving drug: Tissue Plasminogen Activator
Term that means elevated plasma concentrations of cholesterol, triglycerides and lipoproteins:
Iron Overload disease: hemochromatosis
Any blood disorder with an abnormally small number of platelets: thrombocytopenia