Chapter 27 Topic/Objective: Walking into Freedom Land: The Civil Rights Movement 1941-1973 Name: Class/Period: Due: Date: Essential Question(s): How did liberalism reaching its apex, generate a variety of political and cultural responses? (Key Concept 8.2) Vocabulary: The Emerging Civil Rights Struggle, 1941-1957 What two tracks did the Civil Rights Movement follow? Jim Crow Life Under Jim Crow Social, Political and Economic forms of segregation in the South: Forms of Northern racial segregation: Ghettos Freedoms found in the North: Origins of the Civil Rights Movement Influence of WWII on the movement: Growth of urban black middle class: Role of white labor leaders: Television: Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters Executive Order 8802 A. Phillip Randolph (who was he and what did his actions show about white leaders and institutions?) Executive Order 8802 Fair Employ. Practices Commission (FEPC) Why did FDR issue Executive Order 8802? Pittsburgh Courier The Double V Campaign Double V Campaign Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) Factory strife resulting from the Double V Campaign FOR and CORE philosophy and roots: Cold War Civil Rights Jackie Robinson Why did many African Americans join the Democratic party during the New Deal? (Think back to Ch. 23) “To Secure These Rights” Civil Rights and the New Deal Coalition Why did Truman support civil rights? “To Secure These Rights” States’ Rights Democratic Party Strom Thurmond Dixiecrats and the potential split in the Democrat party: Race and Anticommunism How did the Cold War appear to strengthen the civil rights movement? How did the Cold War appear to weaken the civil rights movement? Colonias/barrios Mexican Americans and Japanese Americans Significance of Mendez v. Westminster School District American GI Forum Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) Fighting for Equality Before the Law Where did activists look to gain breakthroughs for civil rights legislation? Thurgood Marshall Why did southern African Americans look more towards the court system to further their cause than the North did? Smith v. Allwright McLaurin v. Oklahoma Brown V. Board of Education What previous court case did Brown v. Board of Education overturn? Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka What potential problem can you see with the phrase “with all deliberate speed”? How did white southerners show resistance to the Brown decision? Orval Faubus Little Rock Crisis significance; what did it show? Looking Backward: What other previous event have we studied that you could compare to the Little Rock Crisis and the interaction between federal and state power? Forging a Protest Movement, 1955-1965 What major change can we see in the civil rights movement post-Brown case? Nonviolent Direct Action Effects of the Emmett Till case Montgomery Bus Boycott Montgomery Bus Boycott Effects of the Montgomery Bus Boycott Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) Importance of churches in the civil rights movement Greensboro Sit-ins Why did the Greensboro Sit-Ins mark a new phase in the civil rights movement? Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) Ella Baker and SNCC Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee Freedom Rides Goal of the Freedom Rides Freedom Rides What did civil rights leaders learn from the violence of the Freedom Rides? Legislating Civil Rights, 1963-1965 What lessons did activists learn from the evolution of the civil rights movement between 1957-1961? “Letter from Birmingham Jail” The Battle for Birmingham Why did Kennedy get involved and promise a new civil rights bill? Medgar Evers March on Washington The March on Washington and the Civil Rights Act March on Washington Civil Rights Act of 1964 Civil Rights Act of 1964 Freedom Summer Freedom Summer Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) Voting Rights Act of 1965 Fannie Lou Hamer Selma and the Voting Rights Act Selma and “Bloody Sunday” Effects of the Voting Rights Act on politics 24th Amendment Why did many southern whites and northern conservatives switch from the Democratic party to the Republican party? Beyond Civil Rights, 1966-1973 Describe the change that many civil rights activists started to follow in 1966-1973 Black nationalism Black Nationalism How could black nationalism be reflected in different ways? Nation of Islam Malcolm X What ideas did Malcolm X preach? Black Power Stokely Carmichael What issues did Black Power turn their focus to? What cultural shifts can we see resulting from Black Power? Black Panther Party Young Lords Organization (YLO) Black Panther Party Beliefs and goals of lack Panthers Young Lords Goals of the Young Lords Party The New Urban Politics How did African Americans gain a bigger role in politics? Poverty and Urban Violence Kerner Commission Report To what areas did MLK Jr. expand his vision? United Farm Workers (UFW) Rise of the Chicano Movement What were Cesar Chavez’s goals? Unique concerns to Mexican Americans La Raza Unida American Indian Movement The American Indian Movement (AIM) Problems facing American Indians Successes of AIM Summary: (Use guiding questions) Answer Essential Question: Identify the characteristics, goals, strategies, and support for each phase of the Civil Rights Movement (1941-1957; 19551965; 1966-1975).