Modern Period

Music, Theatre, Dance, Visual Art
Scott Joplin
 Pianist- Ragtime Music
 “Maple Leaf Rag”
Arnold Schoenberg
 12-tone music, atonal music
Igor Stravinsky
 Russian, Modern Period’s comparison to Bach or Beethoven
 The Firebird, Orpheus, The Rite of Spring
Aaron Copeland
 Music based from American Folk Songs
 Rodeo- The “beef” song
 Shaker Variations- “A Gift to be Simple”
Duke Ellington
 Jazz composer, performer, and band leader
 Caravan
Rodgers & Hammerstein
 Broadway composer & lyricist
 Carousel, Sound of Music, The King & I, South Pacific
Leonard Bernstein
 Composer, Conductor
 West Side Story
Changes in technology
 Music can be recorded and
reproduced in audio media
▪ Evolution from the phonograph
(record player) to modern MP3
 Electronic music
▪ Amplification used to enhance
sound in performance
▪ Electronic instrumentation
▪ Computer generated music
Art vs. Popular
 Art music is becoming more
 Increased communication
▪ Music heard through radio &
performances seen through
and more abstract
Previous period forms are still
being explored and modified
New technologies &
instruments increase
possibilities and range of music
Popular music is more
accessible to a wider audience
due to recorded media, radio,
and television
Genres such as Jazz, Rock,
Blues, & Country become
widely acceptable forms of
marketable music.
 American creation and combination of music & drama.
 New York City, New York, USA
 Differs from opera
▪ Performed in English
▪ Not entire performance is sung
 Famous Composers/ playwrights
▪ Rodgers & Hammerstein
▪ See previous slide for works examples
▪ Stephen Sondheim
▪ Sweeney Todd, Into the Woods
▪ Andrew Lloyd Webber
▪ The Phantom of the Opera, Cats
Modern Dance
 Break from Ballet format in order to allow more expressive
 Choreography becomes more important in story telling
 Isadora Duncan- Founder of Modern Dance
Tap Dance
 Dance in which rhythms are accent with foot movements
 Fred Astaire
▪ MGM actor, singer, dancer- “The triple threat”
▪ Most actors of the early 1900s were expected to be able to have all three
▪ Famous partner- Ginger Rogers
▪ Watch an example of his dancing▪
Salvador Dali
The Persistance of Memory
Andy Warhol
Marilyn Monroe
Jackson Pollock
Lavender Mist
 Began in 1905- predominantly French Artists
 Characterized by use of bright, nonneutral colors, bold lines & simple forms
 Henri Matisse
 Movement that used fantastic images & strange juxtapositions to represent
unconscious thoughts & dreams
 Salvador Dali
 Pablo Picasso
 Art that represents reality NOT as we see it, very strong use of colors & lines
to define subjects
Art Deco
Popular in the early 20th century
Defined by stylized forms & geometric shapes
Used in Architecture, fashion, painting, and film
Easy for mass production