Ethics & Responsibility Unit 2 Lesson 2.04 Documenting Sources Introduction • Documenting sources within research papers, essays, and other works of writing is not just a polite gesture to give another author credit for his/her work—it’s the law. Introduction • Failure to correctly document any and all outside sources is called plagiarism, which is the presentation of another’s words or ideas as one’s own. Introduction • You know that you must include that documentation when you quote something word for word, but is it also required when your wording is “substantially similar” to your source? • Does that have to be cited as well? Introduction • Learn how and when to document Web sources now — don’t wait until the night before your Senior English paper is due! Introduction • At the end of this lesson, you will be able to: – Demonstrate various manuscript formatting styles in documents (ACOS 5) – Cite sources of digital content using a style manual (ACOS 13.B3) Examples: (MLA), (APA) Lesson: Avoiding Plagiarism • Why Cite Sources? – Provides evidence for your arguments – Adds credibility to your work – Provides a trail for your reader to follow – Allow readers to locate & further explore your sources Lesson: Avoiding Plagiarism • Are There Different Citation Styles? – MLA • Modern Language Association • the most common style – APA • American Psychological Association • Used in social sciences, anthropology, economists – Ask your instructor which style to use Lesson: Avoiding Plagiarism • How Do You Cite Sources? – In-text parenthetic notes – Footnotes – Endnotes – Bibliography/Works Cited at the end of your paper Lesson: Avoiding Plagiarism • Parenthetical Citation in MLA Style (in parenthesis in text) – Placing relevant source information in parentheses after a quote or a paraphrase. – The source information required in a parenthetical citation depends upon the source’s • medium (e.g. Print, Web, DVD) and • entry on the Works Cited (bibliography) page. – Any source information that you provide in-text must correspond to the source information on the Works Cited page. – Whatever signal word or phrase you provide to your readers in the text, must be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of the corresponding entry in the Works Cited List. Lesson: Avoiding Plagiarism • Documenting Sources from the World Wide Web in MLA Style – Works Cited must contain as many items from this list as are relevant and available • Author’s name • Title • Name of editor • Publication information • Version, volume number, or other identifying number • Date of electronic posting or latest update • Name of any institution or organization sponsoring the site • Date you accessed the source • URL (in angle brackets) – Example: Author’s name (last name first). Document title. Date of Internet publication. Date of access <URL> Lesson: Avoiding Plagiarism • The Works Cited Page in MLA – Must have a Works Cited page at the end of your research paper. – Basic Rules • Begin your Works Cited page on a separate page at the end of your research paper. • Use same one-inch margins and last name, page number header as the rest of your paper. • Label the page Works Cited • do not italicize the words Works Cited, no quotation marks, no ALL CAPS • center the words Works Cited at the top of the page. • Double space all citations, but do not skip spaces between entries. • Indent the second and subsequent lines of citations five spaces so that you create a hanging indent. • List page numbers of sources efficiently – If you refer to a journal article that appeared on pages 225 through 250, list the page numbers as 225-50. Lesson: Avoiding Plagiarism • Purdue OWL was used as a source of information in this presentation • Entire Website • The Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab, 2008. Web. 27 Dec. 2008. • Individual Resources • Purdue OWL. "MLA Formatting and Style Guide." The Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab, 10 May 2008. Web. 15 Nov. 2008. Review • In this lesson, you learned about parenthetical citations within the text of a paper and about the Works Cited page at the end of an MLA report. • MLA is the style most often used in high school and college, particularly for English papers. • Improper documentation of sources — or failure to do so at all — may not be intentional, but it is a breach of the Honor Codes at many colleges and universities and may result in being dismissed from that school. Task • Open the 2.04 Works Cited assignment file, you will find a list of books, Internet sites, and other sources. – Prepare a Works Cited page in proper MLA format – Save to your F Drive in your Unit 2 Folder as: • 2.04 Works Cited Dropbox. – properly set up the margins and header – to format the title – to create a hanging indent – sort the reference paragraphs in alphabetical order by the first character in each work. Are you finished? • You should have 13 things saved to your F Drive in your Unit 2 folder. – 2.01 How Fast Can You Read – 2.01 Practice – 2.01 Netiquette Scenarios Worksheet – 2.01 E-mail – 2.02 What is Bullying – 2.02 Webisode 5 – 2.02 OHSA Computer Workstations – 2.03 Copyright Exposed – 2.03 Copyright Challenge Test – 2.03 ASCAP Payment System – 2.03 Copyright Dropbox – 2.03 Discussion Copyright – 2.04 Works Cited Dropbox And, you should completed and turned in the Real-Life Stories Worksheet. So, are you finished?