Word order and other fun facts! A sentence (una frase) in English follows the regular pattern of a subject + a verb Ex: The phone rings. The students laugh. In English, adjectives go BEFORE the noun Ex: I see a green car. The large house is theirs. Similar to English, Spanish sentences place the subject before the verb Ex: Los estudiantes comen mucho. Yo hablo español. UNLIKE English, adjectives in a Spanish sentence go AFTER the noun, not before it! Ex: El papel blanco. La manzana roja. La casa blanca. * there is also the rule whereby adjectives are spelled in a way that MATCHES the noun* Questions (las preguntas) in English follow the same pattern as sentences, with the subject coming before the verb. Ex: Do the students speak a lot? Are the teachers giving homework? Notice the words DO and ARE in these two examples, because they will be important later! The formation of questions in Spanish is different than in English, because just like we saw in the examples with adjectives, the words SWITCH THEIR NORMAL POSITION. Ex: Do they eat a lot? ¿Comen ellos mucho? Ex: When are we going to the restaurant? ¿Cuándo vamos nosotros al restaurante? When creating a question in Spanish you must ALWAYS make them “backwards” from english! Making and answering questions in Spanish requires you to memorize the common question words (called interrogativos) in Spanish ¿Quién? ¿Quiénes? = who or whom (plural) ¿Qué? = what ¿Dónde? = where (location) ¿Cuándo? = when ¿Por qué? = why ¿Cómo? = how ¿Adónde? = to where (destination) English question: Where do the students eat? Notice the pattern: question word + subject + verb Spanish question: ¿Dónde comen los estudiantes? Notice the pattern: question word + verb + subject. English question: What music does the band play? Spanish question: ¿Qué música toca la banda? Notice how the question word stays in first position for both examples!!! Give the spanish question for the following: Where are the students studying? (estudiar) ¿Dónde estudian los estudiantes? When do you talk with your teacher (hablar)? ¿Cuándo hablas tú con tu profesora? With whom (plural) are they walking?(caminar) ¿Con quiénes caminan ellos?